Long Island's largest employers

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The biggest employers on Long Island include a diverse crop of public and private employers, with the latest data showing an increase in big retail and health care and a decline in large manufacturing and some big banks. The composition of the jobs here has shifted because of economic forces such as the recession of 2007-09, the rise of the Internet, the drop in Wall Street jobs in New York City and the expansion of global trade.

See the full list of the 50 employers below with each employer's 2016 employees, 2006 employees and position change since 2006, where applicable. The list does not include the following, which declined to disclose their Long Island employment figures: Cablevision, Target, Kohl’s, Diocese of Rockville Centre, Estee Lauder and Macy’s/Bloomingdale's.

To read more about the changing economy and employers on Long Island, click here.

Sources: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; New York State Department of Labor, Newsday data for town figures; individual employers.

1. Northwell Health

2016 employees: 31,153 2006 employees: 31,715* Position change:
(Credit: Randee Daddona)

2016 employees: 31,153
2006 employees: 31,715*
Position change: None
*Note: Includes Queens

2. New York State

2016 employees: 20,304 2006 employees: 25,000 Position change:
(Credit: Getty Images)

2016 employees: 20,304
2006 employees: 25,000
Position change: None

3. Catholic Health Services

2016 employees: 17,000* 2006 employees: 15,000 Position change:
(Credit: Newsday / Leslie Barbour)

2016 employees: 17,000*
2006 employees: 15,000
Position change: +1
*Note: Includes Good Samaritan Hospital, St. Catherine of Siena Medical Center, St. Charles Hospital, St. Francis Hospital, St. Joseph's Hospital and Mercy Medical Center

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4. Nassau County

2016 employees: 16,784* 2006 employees: 10,526 Position change:
(Credit: Amy Onorato)

2016 employees: 16,784*
2006 employees: 10,526
Position change: +2
*Note: Includes Nassau University Medical Center, A. Holly Pattern Extended Care Facility and five federally qualified health care centers

5. Federal government

2016 employees: 16,391 2006 employees: 18,061* Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 16,391
2006 employees: 18,061*
Position change: -2
*Note: Includes 9,200 postal workers

6. Suffolk County

2016 employees: 11,075* 2006 employees: 11,612 Position change:
(Credit: Ed Betz)

2016 employees: 11,075*
2006 employees: 11,612
Position change: -1
*Note: Includes Suffolk County Community College and seasonal workers

7. Stop & Shop

2016 employees: 8,100* 2006 employees: 7,000 Position change:
(Credit: Danielle Finkelstein)

2016 employees: 8,100*
2006 employees: 7,000
Position change: None
*Note: Includes employees newly acquired from A&P/Waldbaum's

8. Winthrop-University Hospital

2016 employees: 7,700 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Ian J. Stark)

2016 employees: 7,700
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

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9. Long Island Rail Road

2016 employees: 6,960 2006 employees: 6,131 Position change:
(Credit: Johnny MIlano)

2016 employees: 6,960
2006 employees: 6,131
Position change: None

10. Walmart

2016 employees: 5,056 2006 employees: 3,417 Position change:
(Credit: Howard Schnapp)

2016 employees: 5,056
2006 employees: 3,417
Position change: +13

11. Hempstead Town

2016 employees: 4,550 2006 employees: 1,974 Position change:
(Credit: Gabby Recny)

2016 employees: 4,550
2006 employees: 1,974
Position change: +35

12. Home Depot

2016 employees: 4,361 2006 employees: 3,500 Position change:
(Credit: James Carbone)

2016 employees: 4,361
2006 employees: 3,500
Position change: +9

13. CVS

2016 employees: 3,983 2006 employees: 3,840 Position change:
(Credit: Ivy Neal)

2016 employees: 3,983
2006 employees: 3,840
Position change: +7

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14. Nassau BOCES

2016 employees: 3,755 2006 employees: 2,881 Position change:
(Credit: Danielle Finkelstein)

2016 employees: 3,755
2006 employees: 2,881
Position change: +15

15. King Kullen

2016 employees: 3,649* 2006 employees: 4,400** Position change:
(Credit: Barry Sloan)

2016 employees: 3,649*
2006 employees: 4,400**
Position change: None
*Note: Includes employees newly acquired from A&P/Waldbaum's
**Note: Includes Wild by Nature

16. Verizon

2016 employees: 3,499 2006 employees: 5,243 Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 3,499
2006 employees: 5,243
Position change: -6

17. Geico

2016 employees: 3,200 2006 employees: 3,416 Position change:
(Credit: Getty Images)

2016 employees: 3,200
2006 employees: 3,416
Position change: +7

18. UPS

2016 employees: 3,100 2006 employees: 2,873 Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 3,100
2006 employees: 2,873
Position change: +12

19. AHRC (Nassau)

2016 employees: 3,000 2006 employees: 2,290 Position change:
(Credit: Heather Walsh)

2016 employees: 3,000
2006 employees: 2,290
Position change: +19

20. South Nassau Communities Hospital

2016 employees: 3,000 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Barry Sloan)

2016 employees: 3,000
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

21. Brookhaven National Laboratory

2016 employees: 2,792 2006 employees: 2,700 Position change:
(Credit: Doug Kuntz)

2016 employees: 2,792
2006 employees: 2,700
Position change: +11

22. NBTY

2016 employees: 2,700 2006 employees: 2,384 Position change:
(Credit: Randee Daddona)

2016 employees: 2,700
2006 employees: 2,384
Position change: +15

23. Long Island University

2016 employees: 2,573 2006 employees: 4,110* Position change:
(Credit: Danielle Finkelstein)

2016 employees: 2,573
2006 employees: 4,110*
Position change: -5
*Note: Includes Brooklyn campus and small facilities in Rockland and Westchester counties

24. Brentwood school district

2016 employees: 2,554 2006 employees: 2,940 Position change:
(Credit: Karen Wiles Stabile)

2016 employees: 2,554
2006 employees: 2,940
Position change: +4

25. Hofstra University

2016 employees: 2,539 2006 employees: 2,542 Position change:
(Credit: Newsday / Linda Rosier)

2016 employees: 2,539
2006 employees: 2,542
Position change: +8

26. JP Morgan Chase

2016 employees: 2,528 2006 employees: 2,954 Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 2,528
2006 employees: 2,954
Position change: +1

27. John T. Mather Memorial Hospital

2016 employees: 2,500 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Heather Walsh)

2016 employees: 2,500
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

28. Town of Oyster Bay

2016 employees: 2,457 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Anthony Lanzilote)

2016 employees: 2,457
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

29. Sachem School District

2016 employees: 2,276 2006 employees: 2,050 Position change:
(Credit: Barry Sloan)

2016 employees: 2,276
2006 employees: 2,050
Position change: +16

30. PSEG Long Island

2016 employees: 2,234 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: John Paraskevas)

2016 employees: 2,234
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

31. Brookhaven Memorial Hospital

2016 employees: 2,210 2006 employees: 2,200 Position change:
(Credit: Charles Eckert)

2016 employees: 2,210
2006 employees: 2,200
Position change: +11

32. Eastern Suffolk BOCES

2016 employees: 2,204 2006 employees: 2,275 Position change:
(Credit: Barry Sloan)

2016 employees: 2,204
2006 employees: 2,275
Position change: +7

33. Atlantic Auto Group

2016 employees: 2,200 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Joseph D. Sullivan)

2016 employees: 2,200
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

34. National Grid

2016 employees: 2,000 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Mark Harrington)

2016 employees: 2,000
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

35. Brookhaven Town

2016 employees: 1,996 2006 employees: 2,444 Position change:
(Credit: Bill Davis)

2016 employees: 1,996
2006 employees: 2,444
Position change: None

36. Costco

2016 employees: 1,914 2006 employees: 1,800 Position change:
(Credit: Ian J. Stark)

2016 employees: 1,914
2006 employees: 1,800
Position change: +11

37. Capital One Bank

2016 employees: 1,900 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Getty Images)

2016 employees: 1,900
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

38. Huntington Town

2016 employees: 1,805 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Carl Corry)

2016 employees: 1,805
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

39. P.C. Richard & Son

2016 employees: 1,752 2006 employees: 1,786 Position change:
(Credit: Patricia Caleca)

2016 employees: 1,752
2006 employees: 1,786
Position change: +9

40. Developmental Disabilities Institute

2016 employees: 1,750 2006 employees: 1,639 Position change:
(Credit: Meghan Giannotta)

2016 employees: 1,750
2006 employees: 1,639
Position change: +10

41. BJ's

2016 employees: 1,702 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Getty Images)

2016 employees: 1,702
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

42. City of Long Beach

2016 employees: 1,625 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Tara Conry)

2016 employees: 1,625
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

43. Babylon Town

2016 employees: 1,451 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Carl Corry)

2016 employees: 1,451
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

44. Lowes

2016 employees: 1,401 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 1,401
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

45. Henry Schein

2016 employees: 1,400 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Steve Pfost)

2016 employees: 1,400
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

46. New York Community Bancorp

2016 employees: 1,331 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Google)

2016 employees: 1,331
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

47. Town of Smithtown

2016 employees: 1,314 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Erin Geismar)

2016 employees: 1,314
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

48. Bank of America

2016 employees: 1,300 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: AP)

2016 employees: 1,300
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

49. Belmont Park Race Track

2016 employees: 1,241 (full-time only) 2006 employees: 2,138
(Credit: Newsday / J. Conrad Williams Jr.)

2016 employees: 1,241 (full-time only)
2006 employees: 2,138
Position change: -6

50. AHRC (Suffolk)

2016 employees: 1,222 2006 employees: n/a Position change:
(Credit: Heather Wals)

2016 employees: 1,222
2006 employees: n/a
Position change: n/a

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