GMC updates Sierra 3500 frame, powertrain, more
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The "professional grade" brand unveiled the 2011 GMC Sierra Heavy Duty lineup at the 2010 NTEA Work Truck Show. Most of the technical specifications of GM's HD pickups are identical, but GMC is adding a new high-end Sierra Denali HD model to its work truck lineup.
The luxurious Sierra Denali will be available only as a crew-cab, four-wheel-drive 2500 model with a choice of either the standard 360-horsepower (380 pounds-feet of torque), 6.0-liter V-8 gas engine or the 397-hp (765 pounds-feet of torque), 6.6-liter Duramax V-8 turbo-diesel.
To separate it visually from the rest of the Sierra HD trucks, the exterior of the Denali HD will feature a four-bar chrome grille along with body-colored bumpers, chrome door handles, chrome accents and 18- and 20-inch polished forged aluminum wheels.
As with other Denali models, the cabin will be unique with standard premium touches. It will include Denali-specific brushed aluminum trim, power-adjustable pedals, a Bose premium surround-sound system and 12-way power seats. Along with an optional heated steering wheel, heated and cooled leather seating is available. The exterior will be offered in three colors: black, Stealth Gray and white.
The rest of the new 2011 Sierra HD lineup receives new three-bar grilles and prominent louvered hoods, along with a revised chrome steel front bumper and new 17-, 18- and 20-inch wheels. The interior, though, is mostly unchanged.
GM made the biggest changes to the Sierra's frame, powertrain and running gear to increase towing and hauling capacity. Maximum trailering is rated up to 20,000 pounds pulling a fifth-wheel trailer with a dual-rear-wheel Duramax diesel and up to 14,500 pounds pulling a fifth-wheel trailer with a single-rear-wheel 6.0-liter gas V-8.
Maximum payload is rated up to 6,335 pounds with the DRW 6.0-liter gas V-8 and up to 5,724 pounds with the DRW 6.6-liter Duramax V-8. Five of 12 Sierra 3500 models offer a payload capability greater than 6,000 pounds.
Jeff Luke, GM's chief engineer for full-size pickups, said the new frame has five times the torsional strength (how much the frame will twist side to side under load), 92 percent better bending stiffness (how much the frame will bend under load) and 20 percent better beaming stiffness (how much the frame will flex as it's loaded in the center and supported at both ends). The front frame bay cradling the engine is 125 percent stiffer than the old frame.
The stronger frame is also said to help reduce noise, vibration and harshness, particularly up front. The engine mount brackets have been strengthened, and their positions supporting the engine are optimized so the brackets' attachment points are now set relative to the center of the frame rail instead of offset at an angle, which had caused unwanted engine vibration.
There are a total of 11 different frame assemblies, depending on cab configuration, wheelbase, weight class and whether it's a pickup or a commercial chassis cab.
In the front suspension, the upper control arm is now made from forged instead of cast steel for increased strength and weight savings. The cast-iron lower control arm has been bolstered to handle greater loads. To help improve ride quality, two urethane jounce bumpers instead of one are mounted to the frame to cushion each side of the lower control arm, and there's also a new upper shock mount attachment design as well as all-new shocks.
There's a new steering box with a 16-1 turn ratio and larger front linkage to manage increased front-end loads resulting from the improved front gross axle weight rating, which has jumped from 4,800 pounds to 6,000 pounds.
It's not just the stronger frame and suspension that support the increased towing and hauling numbers in the 2011 GMC Sierra HD. There's also a revised 6.6-liter Duramax clean diesel that produces 397 hp and 765 pounds-feet of torque. Sixty percent of its parts are new, and Duramax chief engineer Gary Arvan said it will be 11 percent more fuel efficient than the previous LMM Duramax.
A new 36-gallon fuel tank extends the Sierra's driving range. It's standard on long and short box versions. GM promises up to a country-crossing 680-mile range, or about 18.8 mpg.
Other notable changes include replacing the old solenoid fuel-injection system with high-pressure 30,000-psi common rail piezoelectric injectors, a higher-capacity oil pump and revised crank for improved balance. The head gasket was improved for greater quality, reliability and durability. Cylinder pressure ratio remains unchanged at 16-1. The variable geometry one-piece solid-shaft turbo has been marginally tweaked to work optimally with the engine's new performance characteristics.
For improved cold-weather breathability, the Duramax uses a new flat-panel cartridge air filter instead of the old round filter to help prevent snow ingestion. There's also an improved mass airflow sensor to monitor the intake.
The engine block continues to be gray iron construction instead of lighter, stronger compacted graphite iron used in the new Ford Power Stroke Diesel and planned for GM's indefinitely postponed 4.5-liter V-8 Duramax. The block has been slightly revised with new ribbing structures to reduce noise, vibration and harshness and handling of increased torque levels.
New fast-acting glow plugs are said to promise instant cold starts after just 3 seconds in winter temperatures down to 20 degrees below zero.
Like Ford's Power Stroke, the Duramax will use selective catalytic reduction, or SCR, and a new high-capacity two-stage exhaust gas recirculation system to scrub nitrogen oxide emissions down to no more than 0.2 grams per horsepower/hour. It's a new environmental protection agency (EPA) requirement as of Jan. 1.
The SCR system uses diesel exhaust fluid, or DEF. The urea-based solution (32.5 percent industrial urea and 67.5 percent deionized water) is held in a 5.3-gallon storage tank and injected as a fine mist into the Duramax's hot exhaust gases. The heat turns the urea into ammonia that, when combined with a special catalytic converter, breaks down the nitrogen oxide emissions into harmless nitrogen gas and water vapor.
The DEF refill point for the Sierra HD is mounted under the hood of the engine instead of next to the diesel refueling cap on the side of the cargo box, as it is on the 2011 Super Duty.
To ensure that the driver refills the DEF tank, Duramax-equipped trucks will warn the driver when the fluid is down to a 1,000-mile range. A series of start-up warnings -- including lights, chimes and messages -- will become more frequent until the tank is empty. When the DEF fluid is down to a 100-mile range, the truck's speed will be limited to only 55 mph. As the range declines, so will the vehicle's top speed. If the driver continues to operate the truck with a dry DEF tank, after a final warning and restart, the truck will operate in a "limp home" mode that limits speed to just 5 mph until the tank is refilled.
The 2011 Sierra adds the first application of trailer sway control to GM's full-size pickups. It works using the truck's antilock braking system and integrated trailer brake controller to brake individual wheels on the pickup automatically when it senses dangerous yaw in the rear of the truck from the trailer, which could happen if weight unexpectedly shifts inside the trailer. If the trailer has electric brakes and is connected to the Sierra's seven-pin trailer connector, the truck can also automatically apply the trailer's brakes to stop dangerous sway. TRW is the supplier for the system.
The Sierra's wheel brakes have increased from 12.8 inches to 14 inches in diameter and widened from 1.5 inches to 1.57 inches. They feature a larger swept area for better stopping power, and the operating pressures have been changed to provide a firmer feel during application with less pedal travel required. The bigger brakes are a necessary improvement to reach higher gross combined weight ratings across the line.
Another new safety feature can help with hill starts. Hill-hold assist will automatically apply the vehicle's brakes for 1.5 seconds once you lift your foot off the brake when you're on an incline. It's part of the Sierra's integrated trailer brake controller, so it will apply the trailer's brakes, too, if it has electric brakes.
GM's StabiliTrak stability and traction control system will come standard with all single-rear-wheel Sierra HD pickups. Though it's not required on trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds, on the GM pickups it will run up to the heaviest 11,600-pound GVWR.
$28,805 - $46,750
322-hp, 6.0-liter V-8 (regular gas)
335-hp, 6.6-liter V-8 (diesel)
360-hp, 6.0-liter V-8 (regular gas)
397-hp, 6.6-liter V-8 (diesel)
6-speed automatic w/OD
New or Notable
* All-new fully boxed frame for improved towing and hauling capability
* More powerful 6.6-liter Duramax V-8 diesel
* High-end Denali luxury trim available for the first time
* New wheels and tires available -- up to 20-inch wheels
* New high-end Denali model added to lineup to compete against Ford King Ranch
* Diesel engine power ratings: 397 horsepower and 765 pounds-feet of torque
* All-new fully boxed frame
* Bigger brakes provide more confident stopping power
* Standard trailer-sway control system
* Now accommodates up to 20-inch wheels and taller-profile tires What We Don't
* Lacks a robust driver information computer
* No changes to interior styling
* Minor changes to exterior sheet metal