Jaguar through the years
Founded in 1922 by Englishmen William Walmsley and William Lyons, Jaguar Cars is well-known for its focus on luxury and sporting vehicles. A subsidiary of Tata Motors, the largest Indian manufacturer in the automotive industry, Jaguar began as Swallow Sidecar Co., a successful motorcycle sidecar-attaching business. Walmsley and Lyons parlayed that success into producing automobiles under the name SS Cars Ltd. The company was reinvented as Jaguar Cars in 1946 after World War II ended to avoid the negative connotations of the initials "SS." Today, Jaguar Cars has over 30 models, many innovative designs that appeal to a wide variety of car enthusiasts.
The 1934 SSI Saloon was the first car produced by Swallow Sidecar Co., which changed its name to Jaguar Cars in 1946.
The SS Jaguar 2.5-liter model debuted in 1946 and was the first automobile produced under the company name Jaguar Cars. The SS Jaguar was also available in 1.5- and 3.5-liter engine models.
A rare automobile, less than 100 C-Type (competition) Jaguar models were produced between 1951 and 1953.
A popular sports car of the decade, the 1961 Jaguar E-Type was produced in three different series. The Series 1 model, above, featured a 3.8-liter engine, a flat floor design and external hood latches that required a special tool to open.
The E-Type's successor, the Jaguar XJ-S debuted in 1975. The XJ-S boasted a V-12 engine similar to those found in Ferrari and Lamborghini vehicles during the 1970s.
A later model of the XJ series, the 1989 Sovereign (also known as the XJ40) was a luxury car that offered three engine variants: the 5.3-liter V-12, the 4.2-liter straight-six and the 3.4-liter straight-six.
The 1992 Jaguar XJ220's top speed of 213 mph is only surpassed by the 2013 Jaguar XFR-S. The XJ220's speed is attributed to its lightweight chassis made from aluminum honeycomb.
The Jaguar C-XF concept car was first unveiled at the 2007 North American International Auto Show. The C-XF is a four-door sedan equipped with a 4.2-liter supercharged V-8 engine and a six-speed automatic transmission.
The C-X75 hybrid-electric concept car was named in honor of Jaguar's 75th anniversary in 2011. Jaguar announced a small production run of the C-X75, but the project was canceled in 2012.
The 2012 version of the Jaguar XJ, a car line that was originally released in 1968. The 2012 XJ also had another model called the XJL, which had a longer wheelbase.
The 2013 XFR-S is Jaguar's fastest and most powerful four-door sedan of all time, boasting a 550 horsepower, 5-liter V-8 engine and an eight-speed, automatic transmission.
The 2014 Jaguar F-Type V-8 S model features a 5.0-liter supercharged V-8 engine and an eight-speed "Quickshift" transmission. The F-Type Jaguar series won car design of the year at the World Car Awards in 2013.