Leisurely living was once a luxury — especially for working women. That changed as America became more industrialized.

In the 19th century, outdoor activities and organized sports were recognized to have health and social benefits, says Terry Lister-Blitman, executive director of the Long Island Maritime Museum. Salt water and sea breezes of the beach were considered particularly beneficial, according to Lister-Blitman, who will co-host the program, “The Art of Surf Bathing.” The program traces the origins of summer pastimes. The Whaling Museum & Education Center in Cold Spring Harbor will host this lecture and walking tour on Saturday from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m.

“This program explores the late 19th and early 20th century fascination with what, at that time, was an unknown sport — swimming — or as it was then known, surf bathing,” Lister-Blitman says.

The two-hour event is being held in honor of the 100th anniversary of the women’s suffrage movement in New York.

RETRO SWIM

The lecture was inspired by an original exhibit titled “In the Good Old Summertime,” which opened in July 2010 at the Long Island Maritime Museum. The program includes vintage swimsuits (circa 1920) that women wore to the shore. Archival photos from the 1880s through the 1920s will highlight how women experienced the beach and swimming in the ocean.

With shifting views on leisure and women’s rights came modifications to ladies’ fashion. “Clothing and bathing suits, in particular, were affected by the women’s suffrage movement because the style changes allowed women more freedom of movement,” Lister-Blitman says.

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WALKING TOUR

The second hour of the program consists of a walking tour through Main Street’s historic district in Cold Spring Harbor led by whaling museum interpreter Joan Lowenthal.

Participants will see historic homes and learn about the lives of local whaling families and of Rosalie Gardiner Jones (1883-1978), an outspoken resident of Cold Spring Harbor who petitioned for women’s suffrage.

“We hope people realize just how far women have come,” Lister-Blitman says. “Today, women are just as active, strong and sports-minded as men.”