Study: LI's Latino population changing, growing

People attend a Brentwood rally and the launch

People attend a Brentwood rally and the launch of New York's leg of the national Keeping Families Together bus tour, which will take immigrants nationwide to Washington to call for fair and real immigration reform that protects families who otherwise risk separation. (March 10, 2013) (Credit: Newsday / Audrey C. Tiernan)

The wave of "new Latinos" who have spurred the rapid growth of Hispanics on Long Island rank lower on income and are concentrated in more segregated and poorer neighborhoods than older community segments, according to a new analysis of census data.

But those new groups are slowly making progress at the national level and, because of their growth, are helping redefine what Hispanic means, the study found.

While Mexicans are the majority of U.S. Hispanics, and Puerto Ricans and Cubans remain significant groups, Dominicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans and others are surging.


PHOTOS: Immigration debate on Long Island

RESEARCH: See how LI ranks in deportation

DATA: How LI reps voted on Immigration


The diversity of educational, economic and assimilation experiences makes it increasingly hard to categorize all Latinos as a homogeneous group beyond having a shared culture, said study co-author John R. Logan, a sociology professor at Brown University.

"Groups like Salvadorans and Dominicans are numbering in the millions and it seems like it's time to take them into account because they are not just like Mexicans," Logan said in an interview.

Long Island's Hispanics are more diverse than those in other parts of the country, the analysis showed.

Salvadorans, Puerto Ricans and Dominicans make up the largest Latino groups in Nassau and Suffolk, while Hondurans and Guatemalans grew the fastest over the past 20 years. Nassau and Suffolk combined contain the fourth-largest concentration of Dominicans in the U.S.

Many Puerto Ricans and Cubans on Long Island have moved out of segregated communities and report higher median incomes, while Central American and Dominican immigrants move into those segregated neighborhoods and lag behind in household income, Logan said.

Luis Valenzuela, a Puerto Rican activist who heads the Long Island Immigrant Alliance, said the study results just reflect the history of migration: Established groups move up the economic ladder and make room for newcomers.

"Part of it has to do with longevity in the United States and on Long Island," Valenzuela said. "Immigrants tend to go into neighborhoods that are often in decline . . . and they revitalize these communities with their work."

The report seemed partially complete, said Ricardo Reyes, a Dominican entrepreneur in Freeport who owns Alerta TV, a Spanish-language cable station for Protestant Latinos, and presides over a network of evangelical churches.

While the study cites local Dominicans as having the lowest household median income at $76,787, it doesn't account for the wealth they are building, he said.

"You see Dominicans living in poor areas because they're temporarily looking for low rent to send money home or save up for a business," said Reyes, 61. "I've done it."

Assistant Deputy Suffolk County Executive Luis Montes, a Salvadoran-American, said Long Island would benefit if the challenges faced by the different Latino communities are addressed.

There should be more initiatives to teach immigrants English, establish scholarship funds and improve their children's education, he said.

"Until our immigrant communities overcome educational barriers," Montes said, "there won't be progress."

 

LI'S HISPANIC POPULATION

 

Salvadorans: 99,495

Puerto Ricans: 88,514

Dominicans: 41,967

Colombians: 27,103

Ecuadoreans: 26,877

 

 

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME FOR LI HISPANICS

 

All Hispanics: $78,126

Mexicans: $78,766

Puerto Ricans: $83,218

Cubans: $92,104

Dominicans: $76,787

Central Americans: $71,416

South Americans: $82,749

Non-Hispanic whites: $97,403

Source: 2010 census

advertisement | advertise on newsday

Related Stories

Newsday on social media

@Newsday

advertisement | advertise on newsday