With the full force of summer heat and humidity beating down on the Island, the Nassau Emergency Ambulance Bureau has issued some summer heat safety tips to help avoid heat-related medical conditions such as dehydration, heatstroke and heat exhaustion.

“I would like to remind residents to dial 911 at the first sign of a medical emergency,” said Police Commissioner Mulvey. “In addition, I also ask that residents check on their family, friends and neighbors, especially if they are senior citizens.”

The following information was provided by the Nassau County Emergency Ambulance Bureau:

What to look for and what to do

Heat Exhaustion
• Severe thirst
• Fatigue
• Muscle cramps
• Aches
• Muscle weakness
• Nausea and / or vomiting
• Fast, shallow breathing
• Irritability
• Headache
• Increased sweating
• Cool, clammy skin
• Elevation of body temperature to 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher

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Heat Stroke
• Severe throbbing headache
• Dizziness
• Disorientation, agitation or confusion
• Sluggishness or fatigue
• Seizure
• Hot, dry skin that is flushed but not sweaty
• A high body temperature
• Loss of consciousness
• Rapid heart beat
• Hallucinations

Dehydration
• Thirst
• Less-frequent urination
• Dry skin
• Fatigue
• Light-headedness
• Dizziness
• Confusion
• Dry mouth and mucous membranes
• Increased heart rate and breathing

How Heatstroke Can Be Prevented
• Drink plenty of fluids during outdoor activities; water and sports drinks are preferred; tea, coffee, soda and alcohol should be avoided
• Wear lightweight, tightly woven, loose-fitting clothing in light colors
• Schedule vigorous activity and sports for cooler times of the day
• Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a hat, sunglasses and using an umbrella
• Increase time spent outdoors gradually get your body used to the heat
• During outdoor activities, take frequent drink breaks and mist yourself with a spray bottle to avoid becoming overheated
• Try to spend as much time indoors as possible on very hot humid days

How dehydration Can Be Prevented
• Drink plenty of fluids, especially when working or playing in the sun
• Make sure you are taking in more fluid than you are losing
• Drink appropriate sports drinks to help maintain electrolyte balance
• Infants and children should be given Pedialyte to maintain their electrolyte balance

How to treat Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion
• Bring the person indoors, or into the shade immediately
• Remove their clothing, and gently apply cool water to the skin followed by fanning to stimulate sweating
• Apply ice packs to the groin and armpits
• Have the person lie down in a cool area with their feet slightly elevated