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Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka receives a call (Credit: AP)

Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka receives a call from Japanese Prime Minister Toshihiko Noda to congratulate him for winning the Nobel Prize in Medicine along with British researcher John B. Gurdon. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded to scientists for stem cell research

John B. Gurdon, 79, of the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge, Britain, and Shinya Yamanaka, 50, of Kyoto University in Japan, discovered ways to create tissue that would act like embryonic cells, without the need to harvest embryos. They share the $1.2 million Nobel Prize in Medicine.

A statue of Swedish inventor of dynamite Alfred
(Credit: Getty Images)

A statue of Swedish inventor of dynamite Alfred Nobel is seen before the awardings of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday at the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

People crowd in front of a statue of
(Credit: Getty Images)

People crowd in front of a statue of Swedish inventor of dynamite Alfred Nobel before the announcement of the winners of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday at the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Shinya Yamanaka, a Kyoto University scientist who invented
(Credit: AP)

Shinya Yamanaka, a Kyoto University scientist who invented a new, easy-to-handle technology to create the equivalent of human stem cells from ordinary tissue like skin, speaks at a press conference in Tokyo. Yamanaka and British researcher John Gurdon have shared this year's Nobel Prize in Medicine. (Jan. 9, 2008)

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Japanese professor Shinya Yamanaka at the Shaw Prize
(Credit: Getty Images)

Japanese professor Shinya Yamanaka at the Shaw Prize Awarding ceremony in Hong Kong in 2008. He and John B. Gurdon of Great-Britain shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine, announced Oct. 8, 2012, in Stockholm. (Sept. 9, 2008)

Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Japan poses after being
(Credit: AP)

Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Japan poses after being awarded the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize in Helsinki, Finland, in June. Yamanaka and British researcher John Gurdon shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine, it was announced Oct. 8, 2012. (June 13, 2012)

TV screens show the announcement in Stockholm that
(Credit: Getty Images)

TV screens show the announcement in Stockholm that Shinya Yamanaka of Japan, right, and John B. Gurdon of Great-Britain had shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John
(Credit: AP)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John B. Gurdon of Britain and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan as winners of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John
(Credit: AP)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John B. Gurdon of Britain and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan as winners of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

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Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are
(Credit: Getty Images)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are announced in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are
(Credit: Getty Images)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are announced in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are
(Credit: Getty Images)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are announced in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are
(Credit: Getty Images)

Winners of the Nobel Prize in Medicine are announced in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

A picture of Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka and
(Credit: Getty Images)

A picture of Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka and a graphic of his work are displayed on a screen during a Stockholm news conference to announce that he and British researcher John B. Gurdon had shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. (Oct. 8, 2012)

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A picture of British scientist John B. Gurdon
(Credit: Getty Images)

A picture of British scientist John B. Gurdon and a graphic of his work are displayed on a screen during a Stockholm news conference to announce that he and Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka had shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John
(Credit: AP)

Thomas Perlmann of Karolinska Institute presents Sir John B. Gurdon of Britain and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan as shared winners of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine in Stockholm. (Oct. 8, 2012)

British professor John B. Gurdon, who shared the
(Credit: Getty Images)

British professor John B. Gurdon, who shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine with Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Professor Shinya Yamanaka arrives at Kyoto University for
(Credit: AP)

Professor Shinya Yamanaka arrives at Kyoto University for a news conference in Kyoto, western Japan, after the announcement in Stockholm that he and British researcher John B. Gurdon had shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. (Oct. 8, 2012)

Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka receives a call
(Credit: AP)

Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka receives a call from Japanese Prime Minister Toshihiko Noda to congratulate him for winning the Nobel Prize in Medicine along with British researcher John B. Gurdon. (Oct. 8, 2012)

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