NYPD stops, serious crimes down from year ago

An NYPD patrol car is shown in this

An NYPD patrol car is shown in this file photo taken on March 18, 2012. Photo Credit: Getty Images

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The number of stop-and-frisk encounters by city police dropped sharply in the first three months of the year, plummeting nearly 86 percent from the first quarter of 2013, according to NYPD statistics obtained by Newsday.

Police recorded 14,261 stops from Jan. 1 to March 31, compared with 99,788 in the same period of 2013.

In the face of reduced stops, police also have confiscated 68 percent fewer weapons in the quarter when compared with the same period a year earlier.

Stops increased 14 percent under new NYPD Commissioner William Bratton, who has made reform of the contested practice a key part of his agenda, compared with the final quarter of predecessor Ray Kelly's tenure, when the department recorded 12,495 stops.

Bratton recently said that even with the decline in stops from a year earlier, crime has continued to fall, including homicides. Serious crimes were down 2.2 percent in the first three months of 2014 from the year-earlier period.

"My belief is the significant reduction in stop, question and frisk activity on the part of members of the department has not had an impact on crime, and the crime numbers continue to remain low, very low by national standards, and even low by New York standards," Bratton said in a news conference last week when asked about crime trends.

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But at a time when stops and crime rate have been trending lower, shooting incidents have increased in New York, rising by 2.7 percent this year through Sunday, NYPD data show.

"The bad guys know the cops are not going to stop them," former NYPD detective sergeant Joseph Giacalone, who now lectures on police tactics, said about gang members carrying weapons.

Since 2011, when police recorded a 686,000 stops, the activity has declined sharply in the face of increased public criticism and a federal lawsuit over the constitutionality of the practice. That lawsuit was settled earlier this year.

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It was in 2012 when Kelly directed the executive officers of each precinct to personally audit stop-and-frisk activity to assure quality of police action. Stops declined in almost every quarter since the beginning of 2012 and dipped to 191,588 last year.

Criminologists have said that the NYPD under Kelly relied on increased stops, particularly in crime hot spots, to help keep crime down as the size of the department shrank. But the increase in stops led to charges of racial profiling, which the police department always denied.

The latest stop-and-frisk data showed that the racial and ethnic breakdown of the subjects of stops has remained close to historic averages, with black and Hispanic individuals making up 83 percent of those stopped; whites 12 percent; and Asians 5 percent.

Stop-and-frisk data for first quarter, 2014

 

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NYPD officers conducted 14,261 stops in the first quarter of 2014, compared with 99,788 in the same period of 2013, a decrease of 86%.

In the first quarter of 2014 police confiscated 467 weapons, compared with 1,472 in the same period of 2013, a decrease of 68%.

In the first quarter of 2014, 16% of the stops resulted in an arrest and 3% led to issuance of a summons, compared with 6% and 4%, respectively, in the same period of 2013.

In the first quarter of 2014, blacks were subjects of 54% of the stops; Hispanics 29%; whites 12%; and Asians 5%. In the same period of 2013, blacks were stopped 56% of the time; Hispanics 30%; whites 10%; and Asians 3%.

Source: NYPD

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