The Statue of Liberty survived superstorm Sandy with every crown spike in place, but its surrounding island was so badly damaged that the National Park Service doesn't know when the beloved tourist attraction will reopen or how much repairs will cost.
A tour of Liberty Island yesterday showed broken railings, torn-up paving stones, damaged equipment and flood-wrecked buildings.
The storm destroyed boilers, sewage pumps and electrical systems, said David Luchsinger, the superintendent of the Statue of Liberty and neighboring Ellis Island.
"Our entire infrastructure on both islands, both Liberty Island and Ellis Island, was under water," he said.
Luchsinger estimated that 75 percent of Liberty Island's 12 acres was flooded, with water as high as 8 feet. The water would have been chest-high on the plaza that visitors cross en route from the ferry to the statue itself, he said.
Days after the storm, there was a controlled detonation of explosives on Ellis Island. Park Service spokesman Mike Litterst said the explosives were stored there to train bomb-sniffing dogs. The explosives were compromised by the storm and had to be destroyed.
The Oct. 29 storm came one day after the Statue of Liberty's 126th birthday and the grand reopening of the crown -- though the park was closed at the time in advance of the storm. The crown had been closed for a year for a $30 million upgrade to the monument's fire alarms, sprinkler systems and exit routes.
The rest of the statue was open during that year and had 3.7 million visitors last year, making it the 19th most visited national park in the nation.
Luchsinger said Sandy did not damage any of the work completed during the renovation. "I can tell you that if you walked in there today it would look like we just reopened it," he said.
Historical artifacts on Ellis Island also survived intact, Luchsinger said.
Hundreds of National Park Service workers have spent the past month cleaning the island and assessing damage.