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Julia Gillard b. 1961 Julia Gillard is the

Julia Gillard

b. 1961

Julia Gillard is the first female prime minister of Australia.

Prime minister of Australia -- 2010-present

Deputy prime minister of Australia -- 2007-2010



Photo: TORSTEN BLACKWOOD/AFP/Getty Images, 2011

Notable female leaders

Notable female government leaders through the years, from around the globe.

Bella Abzug b. 1920 d. 1998 Bella Abzug

Bella Abzug

b. 1920 d. 1998

Bella Abzug helped found the National Women's Political Caucus in 1971. She was the first Jewish woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives (NY-19, NY-20) — 1971-1977



Photo: AP, 1975

Madeleine Albright b. 1937 Madeleine Albright was the

Madeleine Albright

b. 1937

Madeleine Albright was the first female U.S. Secretary of State.

U.S. Secretary of State -- 1997-2001

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations -- 1993-1997



Photo: AP, 1996

Corazon Aquino b. 1933 d. 2009 Corazon Aquino

Corazon Aquino

b. 1933 d. 2009

Corazon Aquino was the first female president of the Philippines.

President of the Philippines -- 1986-1992



Photo: AP, 1996

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Benazir Bhutto b. 1953 d. 2007 Benazir Bhutto

Benazir Bhutto

b. 1953 d. 2007

Benazir Bhutto was Pakistan's first female prime minister. She was assassinated in 2007 in a gun and suicide bomb attack.

Prime minister of Pakistan -- 1988-1990, 1993-1996



Photo: AAMIR QURESHI/AFP/Getty Images, 2007

Hillary Rodham Clinton b. 1947 Hillary Rodham Clinton
(Credit: AP)

Hillary Rodham Clinton

b. 1947

Hillary Rodham Clinton is the third female U.S. Secretary of State. She ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2008.

U.S. Secretary of State -- 2009-present

U.S. Senator (NY) -- 2001-2009



Photo: AP, 2011

Elizabeth Dole b.1936 Elizabeth Dole was the first

Elizabeth Dole

b.1936

Elizabeth Dole was the first female senator representing North Carolina.

U.S. Senator (N.C) -- 2003-2009

U.S. Secretary of Labor -- 1989-1990

U.S. Secretary of Transportation -- 1983-1987



Photo: AP, 1984 (pictured with her husband, Bob Dole)

Geraldine Ferraro b. 1935 d. 2011 Ferraro was

Geraldine Ferraro

b. 1935 d. 2011

Ferraro was the first female candidate for U.S. vice president, running on the ticket with Walter Mondale.

U.S. House of Representatives (NY-9) -- 1979-1985

Candidate for U.S. Vice President -- 1984



Photo: AP, 1984

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner b. 1953 Cristina Fernandez

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner

b. 1953

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is Argentina's first elected female president.

President of Argentina -- 2007-present

Senator for Buenos Aires -- 2005-2007

Senator for Santa Cruz -- 1995-1997, 2001-2005



Photo: DANIEL GARCIA/AFP/Getty Images, 2011

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Indira Gandhi b. 1917 d. 1984 Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi

b. 1917 d. 1984

Indira Gandhi was the first female prime minister of India. She was assassinated in 1984.

Prime minister of India -- 1966-1977, 1980-1984



Photo: STF/AFP/Getty Images, 1976

Julia Gillard b. 1961 Julia Gillard is the

Julia Gillard

b. 1961

Julia Gillard is the first female prime minister of Australia.

Prime minister of Australia -- 2010-present

Deputy prime minister of Australia -- 2007-2010



Photo: TORSTEN BLACKWOOD/AFP/Getty Images, 2011

Kirsten Gillibrand b. 1966 Kirsten Gillibrand is a

Kirsten Gillibrand

b. 1966

Kirsten Gillibrand is a U.S. Senator from New York.

U.S. Senator (NY) -- 2009-present

U.S. House of Representatives (NY-20) -- 2007-2009



Photo: Howard Schnapp, 2010

Ruth Bader Ginsburg b. 1933 Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

b. 1933

Ruth Bader Ginsburg was the second female justice and first Jewish justice on the Supreme Court.

U.S. Supreme Court associate justice -- 1993-present



Photo: MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images, 2009

Ella T. Grasso b. 1919 d. 1981 Ella

Ella T. Grasso

b. 1919 d. 1981

Ella Grasso was the first female governor of Connecticut, and the first elected female governor in the U.S. Female governors who served before her were the wives or widows of male governors.

Governor of Connecticut -- 1975-1980

U.S. House of Representatives (CT-6) -- 1971-1975

Connecticut Secretary of the State -- 1959-1971

Connecticut House of Representatives -- 1952-1957



Photo: Newsday, 1979

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Barbara Jordan b. 1936 d. 1996 Barbara Jordan


Barbara Jordan

b. 1936 d. 1996

Barbara Jordan was the first female elected to the Texas Senate and the first African-American woman to represent the South in the U.S. Congress.

U.S. House of Representatives -- 1972-1978

Texas State Senator -- 1966-1972



Photo: AP, 1967

Elena Kagan b. 1960 Elena Kagan was the

Elena Kagan

b. 1960

Elena Kagan was the first female dean of Harvard Law School and the fourth female to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.

U.S. Supreme Court associate justice -- 2010-present

U.S. Solicitor General -- 2009-2010

Dean of Harvard Law School -- 2003-2009



Photo: Getty Images, 2010

Mary McAleese b.1951 Mary McAleese was the second

Mary McAleese

b.1951

Mary McAleese was the second female president of Ireland.

President of Ireland -- 1997-2011



Photo: Getty Images, 2006

Carolyn McCarthy b. 1944 Carolyn McCarthy represents parts

Carolyn McCarthy

b. 1944

Carolyn McCarthy represents parts of Nassau County in the U.S. House of Representatives. She's an advocate for gun control.

U.S. House of Representatives (NY-4) -- 1997-present



Photo: Eli Meir Kaplan, 2011

Golda Meir b. 1898 d. 1978 Golda Meir

Golda Meir

b. 1898 d. 1978

Golda Meir was the first female prime minister of Israel.

Prime minister of Israel -- 1969-1974



Photo: AP, 1970

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Angela Merkel b. 1954 Angela Merkel is the

Angela Merkel

b. 1954

Angela Merkel is the first female chancellor of Germany.

Chancellor of Germany -- 2005-present



Photo: Getty Images, 2011

Sandra Day O'Connor b. 1930 Sandra Day O'Connor

Sandra Day O'Connor

b. 1930

Sandra Day O'Connor was the first female member of the U.S. Supreme Court.

U.S. Supreme Court associate justice -- 1981-2006



Photo: AP, 2001

Sarah Palin b. 1964 Sarah Palin was the

Sarah Palin

b. 1964

Sarah Palin was the first female and the youngest person to be elected Governor of Alaska. She was the second woman to run for U.S. Vice President.

Candidate for U.S. Vice President -- 2008

Governor of Alaska -- 2006-2009

Mayor of Wasilla, Alaska -- 1996-2002



Photo: Getty Images, 2010

Nancy Pelosi b. 1940 Nancy Pelosi was the

Nancy Pelosi

b. 1940

Nancy Pelosi was the first female Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Minority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives -- 2011-present

Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives -- 2007-2011

Minority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives -- 2003-2007

Minority Whip of the U.S. House of Representatives -- 2002-2003

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives -- 1987-present



Photo: AP, 2012

Christine Quinn b. 1966 Christine Quinn is the

Christine Quinn

b. 1966

Christine Quinn is the first female and first openly gay Speaker of the New York City Council.

Speaker of the New York City Council -- 2006-present

Member of the New York City Council -- 1998-present



Photo: AP, 2011

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Jeannette Rankin b. 1880 d.1973 Jeannette Rankin was

Jeannette Rankin

b. 1880 d.1973

Jeannette Rankin was the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress. To date, she is the only Congresswoman elected from Montana. She was the only member of Congress to vote against the entry of the U.S. into World War I and World War II.

U.S. House of Representatives (MT-1) -- 1941-1943

U.S. House of Representatives (MT-2) -- 1917-1919



Photo: Newsday file

Janet Reno b. 1938 Janet Reno was the

Janet Reno

b. 1938

Janet Reno was the first female U.S. Attorney General.

U.S. Attorney General -- 1993-2001



Photo: AP, 2002

Condoleezza Rice b. 1954 Condoleezza Rice was the

Condoleezza Rice

b. 1954

Condoleezza Rice was the first female African-American to serve as U.S. Secretary of State.

U.S. Secretary of State -- 2005-2009

U.S. National Security Advisor -- 2001-2005



Photo: Getty Images, 2009

Ann Richards b. 1933 d. 2006 Ann Richards

Ann Richards

b. 1933 d. 2006

Ann Richards was the second female governor of Texas.

Governor of Texas -- 1991-1995



Photo: AP, 1998

Mary Robinson b. 1944 Mary Robinson was the

Mary Robinson

b. 1944

Mary Robinson was the first female president of Ireland. She's the first female chancellor for the University of Dublin.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights -- 1997-2002

President of Ireland -- 1990-1997

Senator -- 1969-1989



Photo: AP, 1997

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Dilma Rousseff b. 1947 Dilma Rousseff is the

Dilma Rousseff

b. 1947

Dilma Rousseff is the first female president of Brazil. She was also the first female chief of staff of Brazil.

President of Brazil -- 2011-present

Chief of staff of Brazil -- 2005-2010



Photo: YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP/Getty Images, 2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf b. 1938 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

b. 1938

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the first female president of Liberia and currently the only elected female head of state in Africa. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011.

President of Liberia -- 2011-present



Photo: ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images, 2011

Sonia Sotomayor b. 1954 Sonia Sotomayor is the

Sonia Sotomayor

b. 1954

Sonia Sotomayor is the third female and first Hispanic U.S. Supreme Court justice.

U.S. Supreme Court associate justice -- 2009-present



Photo: AP, 2009

Margaret Thatcher b. 1925 Margaret Thatcher was the

Margaret Thatcher

b. 1925

Margaret Thatcher was the UK's first female prime minister.

Prime minister of the United Kingdom -- 1979-1990



Photo: AP, 1990

Christine Todd Whitman b. 1946 Christine Todd Whitman

Christine Todd Whitman

b. 1946

Christine Todd Whitman was the first female governor of New Jersey.

Governor of New Jersey -- 1994-2001



Photo: AP, 1999

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