While Newsday’s editorial was right on target about not confusing all Muslims with jihadists, your definition of jihad is in dispute among scholars [“Identify our enemy with care,” July 27].

As a college major in philosophy years ago, I learned that jihad is an internal spiritual struggle in which a Muslim devotee engages in a battle against his own avarice, vanity, gluttony, greed, hostility, jealousy, revenge and all the other foibles of humanity. As I was taught, it’s not a fight against others.

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It’s very similar to the struggle for truth and integrity in which Jesus engaged when successfully battling temptation by Satan in the desert. Christians, Jews and Muslims have a lot in common.

Robert N. Shorin, Syosset

Editor’s note: The writer is a psychoanalyst.