Volkswagen's conduct in cheating at emissions tests should be viewed as the same motivation as car owners seeking fake inspection stickers ["VW's 'defeat device,' so deeply offensive," Opinion, Sept. 27].

Both take risks struggling to meet onerous, overreaching and ever-increasing clean air standards that amount to a negligible impact on air quality.

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Unleaded gas, catalytic converters and electronic fuel injection have made the real reductions in air pollution. Lower limits and more stringent standards are unnecessary. They just waste manufacturer resources and consumers' money.

John Bourquin III, Manorville