Roger Maris set the single-season home run in 1961 by slugging 61 home runs and breaking Babe Ruth's record.
Roger Maris, center, is congratulated by teammate Mickey Mantle, left, as he crosses home plate after hitting his 46th homer of the season in the fourth inning against Chicago White Sox pitcher Juan Pizarro. (Aug. 15, 1961)
Former President Harry S Truman is flanked by Yankees outfielders Roger Maris, left, and Mickey Mantle between games in a doubleheader with the Washington Senators at Yankee Stadium. At the time, Maris had 53 home runs and Mantle 50 in their head-to-head race for Babe Ruth's record of 60 homers in one season. (Sept. 4, 1961)
Roger Maris hits his 56th home run of the year against Cleveland at Yankee Stadium. (Sept. 9, 1961)
Roger Maris follows through on his 56th home run of the year, a two-run shot in the seventh inning against Cleveland's Mudcat Grant at Yankee Stadium. Cleveland's catcher was John Romano, and the umpire was Charlie Berry. (Sept. 9, 1961)
Roger Maris of the New York Yankees stands by the plaque of the man whose record he broke, Babe Ruth, in the outfield at Yankee Stadium. Maris was the complete opposite of Ruth, an introspective Midwesterner thrust in the middle of New York. (Sept. 10, 1961)
Roger Maris of the New York Yankees went 1-for-3 (single) and scored two runs against the Chicago White Sox. (Sept. 13, 1961)
Outfielder Roger Maris of the New York Yankees strides into a pitch during a game against the Detroit Tigers at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, Mich. In this game, Maris hit home run No. 57 in the third inning off Detroit's Frank Lary. (Sept. 16, 1961)
Yankees slugger Roger Maris, left, points as he asked the umpire to look at the ball about to be tossed by Detroit catcher Dick Brown in Detroit's 10-4 win over the Yankees. Maris struck out in this at-bat, but hit his 57th homer of the season earlier in the game. (Sept. 16, 1961)
Roger Maris gets a hug from his wife Patricia as he leaves the Yankees' dressing room after a game with the Baltimore Orioles in New York. (Sept. 26, 1961)
Roger Maris sits with a box of bats in the Yankees dressing room following a 3-1 defeat of the Boston Red Sox. Maris singled once in three at-bats and was stuck in a tie with Babe Ruth for the single-season home run record (60) with one game to play. (Sept. 30, 1961)
Yankees rightfielder Roger Maris follows through on his swing as he hits his record-breaking 61st home run on the last day of the season. Maris broke Babe Ruth's single-season home run record in the fourth inning on a pitch from Tracy Stallard of the Boston Red Sox. (Oct. 1, 1961)
Roger Maris of the New York Yankees follows through on his 61st home run of the season against the Boston Red Sox, breaking Babe Ruth's single-season record. (Oct. 1, 1961)
Yankees slugger Roger Maris starts to run after he hit his record-breaking 61st home run on the last day of the season at Yankee Stadium. Maris broke Babe Ruth's single-season home run record in the fourth inning on a pitch from Tracy Stallard of the Boston Red Sox. (Oct. 1, 1961)
Roger Maris approaches home plate after hitting his 61st home run of the season at Yankee Stadium Greeting him are teammate Yogi Berra (8) and a bat boy. Maris ' record-setting homer into the right field seats came in the fourth inning. (Oct. 1, 1961)
Roger Maris takes a curtain call after hitting his 61st home run and breaking Babe Ruth's single-season record in the bottom of the fourth inning off Boston's Tracy Stallard. (Oct. 1, 1961)
Roger Maris, left, posed for a photo with Sal Durante, the man who caught Maris' record-breaking 61st home run. The ball was later bought by restauranteur Sam Gordon and presented to Maris in a special ceremony in Sacramento. (Oct. 1, 1961)
50 Home run seasons:
Mickey Mantle, right, and Roger Maris are shown at Yankee Stadium in this photo from 1961, the year these teammates battled to break Babe Ruth's single-season home run record. Mantle finished with 54 homers, while Maris broke Ruth's record with his 61st homer on the final day of the season.
Roger Maris in a portrait photo from the 1961 season.
The 1961 world champion New York Yankees team photo. Roger Maris is in the second row.
Roger Maris watches his first home run of spring training against the Cincinnati Reds. He added another in the fourth inning. (March 25, 1962)
Yankees rightfielder Roger Maris and the first base umpire Ed Runge look into the right-field stands during the second game of a doubleheader after someone apparently threw a golf ball at Maris. Maris had been the target of various objects thrown from the stands in other parks earlier in the season. The Yankees lost the game to the Chicago White Sox, 6-2. (July 29, 1962)
New York Yankees slugger Roger Maris, left, talks to Tracy Stallard of the New York Mets before an exhibition game in Florida. Stallard, then of the Boston Red Sox, gave up Maris' record-breaking 61st home run. (March 19, 1963)
Fred Bengis, a Yankee batboy in the 1960s, posed with Roger Maris.
Yankees slugger Roger Maris poses for a photo prior to the 1965 season. He would be traded to St. Louis after the 1966 season. (March 19, 1965)
Roger Maris, traded from the New York Yankees, is carrying the wood, and the vice president and general manager in the casual hat is Stan Musial in this view at the St. Louis Cardinals camp in St. Petersburg, Fla. (March 7, 1967)
Roger Maris, in his first season with the St. Louis Cardinals, gets together with his sons Kevin, left, 6, and Roger, 8, in the dugout before Cards-Dodgers game. The game was called during the second inning because of rain. (April 13, 1967)
At right, Pat Maris, wife of Roger Maris, unveiling the plaque of her husband that was added to Monument Park at Yankee Stadium. (July 22, 1984)
Yankee sluggers Mickey Mantle (left) and Roger Maris meet at the mound before the Yankee homeopener. Mantle, who hit 54 homers in 1961, the year Maris hit 61, threw out the first ball. (April 16, 1985)