In a year full of market milestones, Wall Street crushed a couple more Tuesday, lifting the Dow Jones industrial average past the 18,000-point mark for the first time and delivering the Standard & Poor's 500 index its second record-high close in two days.
Investors welcomed the latest encouraging news on the economy as the government said the United States grew at the fastest pace in more than a decade in the third quarter. The economic report card raised expectations for greater demand for fuel, driving oil prices higher and giving some respite to energy stocks, which have been hammered in concert with the slide in oil prices this year.
The rally gave the Dow and the S&P 500 their fifth straight gain. The indexes have recovered the last of the ground they lost in a slump earlier this month. It also marked the 51st all-time high for the S&P 500 and the 36th for the Dow this year, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices.
"This is going to end up being a bit better of a year for stocks and bonds than most people thought coming in," said Bob Doll, chief equity strategist at Nuveen Asset Management. "The economy caught some steam and it's able to stand up with its own two feet." Despite weak growth overseas, geopolitical troubles and other concerns, investors have repeatedly bet on the U.S. economy and corporate earnings growth this year, pushing stock prices higher.
The market has been going steadily higher for the last two weeks after hitting a recent low of 17,069 last Tuesday as traders worried about plunging oil prices and a sharp drop in Russia's currency. Investors have been encouraged by signs of strength in the U.S. economy and reassurances that the Federal Reserve won't raise interest rates soon. Those trends bode well for the bull market run, which is on track to mark its sixth year in March.
And yet, the indexes' new heights have made the market more expensive. At their current price, investors are paying $17.60 for every $1 in earnings for companies in the S&P 500. That's above the long-term average price-to-earnings ratio of $16.
Even so, stocks are not overvalued, said Cameron Hinds, regional chief investment officer at Wells Fargo Private Bank.
"You have to understand that U.S. economic output is at an all-time high and corporate profits are at an all-time high," Hinds said. "Bull markets typically don't die purely of old age, they tend to die of recessions and overvaluation and perhaps policy mistakes, and we don't see any of those on the horizon." All told, the Dow gained 64.73 points to 18,024.17 That's up 0.4 percent from its previous record close on Monday. The latest close is the Dow's second 1,000-point milestone this year after closing above 17,000 for the first time in July.
The S&P 500 rose 3.63 points to 2,082.17. That's a gain of 0.2 percent from its own all-time recorded a day earlier.
The Nasdaq composite fell 16 points, or 0.3 percent, to 4,765.42.
All told, the S&P 500 is up 12.7 percent this year, while the Dow has gained 8.7 percent. The Dow, which has just 30 stocks, has been held back by a slump in Chevron as the price of oil collapsed and by a 14 percent drop in IBM.
The market started off Tuesday's record run early in the day, with the Dow and the S&P opening slightly higher. Shortly after, the Dow topped 18,000 points for the first time, while the S&P extended beyond the all-time high from the day before.
The Nasdaq trailed the other two indexes, weighed down by a broad slide in biotech stocks.
Express Scripts, the nation's largest pharmacy benefits manager, is putting pressure on drugmakers like Gilead Sciences and others to lower prices. Gilead shed $3.45, or 3.7 percent, to $89.45. Express Scripts rose $3.55, or 4.3 percent, to $85.88.
Investors were monitoring a mixed bag of economic reports Tuesday.
The Commerce Department reported that the economy grew at a 5 percent annual rate in the July-September period, powered by stronger consumer spending and business investment. That's the fastest quarterly growth since the summer of 2003.
Consumer spending grew at the fastest pace in three months in November, while income posted the best gain in five months. Factory orders for long-lasting manufactured goods declined last month. And sales of new homes slid 1.6 percent last month to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 438,000, the second consecutive monthly decline.
Oil prices stabilized after a recent rout. Benchmark U.S. crude rose $1.86 to close at $57.12 a barrel. The price has fallen by about half from a peak of $107 a barrel in June due to abundant supplies and waning global demand for energy.
Brent crude, a benchmark for international oils used by many U.S. refineries, rose $1.58 to close at $61.69 in London.
In other futures trading, wholesale gasoline rose 3.5 cents to close at $1.570 a gallon, while heating oil added 4 cents to close at $1.991 a gallon. Natural gas rose 2.7 cents to close at $3.171 per 1,000 cubic feet.
Precious and industrial metals futures closed mixed.
Gold slipped $1.80 to $1,178 an ounce. Silver edged up eight cents to $15.77 an ounce and copper slipped less than a penny to $2.87 a pound.
The rally in stocks dampened demand for bonds, pushing U.S. government bond prices lower. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 2.26 percent.
On Wednesday, U.S. and European markets close early ahead of the Christmas holiday.