Toiling behind the ice cream counter or sweating on the lifeguard stand aren’t just rites of passage for college students. You might need summer job money to help cover the ever-rising cost of tuition, living expenses and textbooks, plus visits home.
Money earned from a summer gig may not seem like much, especially if you’re working only seasonally. According to the most recent data on median wages from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, women ages 16 to 24 earn $206 a week for part-time work and $511 for full-time work. Men in the same age group earn $215 a week for part-time work and $528 working full time.
Even with lean earnings from just a few months, here’s how you can set aside a portion of your pay and change your financial fortune.
•Send money directly to savings. Your employer may give you the choice between getting paid by direct deposit or by payroll card, which works like a prepaid debit card.
“Always use direct deposit if you’re given the option,” says Amelia O’Rourke-Owens, program manager for the nonprofit America Saves for Young Workers, an initiative of the Consumer Federation of America, a consumer research and advocacy organization.
When you’re paid by direct deposit, you’ll generally have the option to split your paycheck into separate checking and savings accounts. You’re more likely to save money you’ve earned if some of it never hits checking at all.
Consider sending 20 percent of your paycheck to savings to start. Make sure you have enough money in the checking account for regular expenses first; you can always save more.
•Invest in your future. You won’t regret saving a portion of your summer income for the long term. You won’t be able to spend it right away, but it will last long past graduation day.
Say you open a retirement account like a Roth IRA with $50 when you’re 20 years old and put $50 in it every month. At 70, you would have over $175,000. Increase your contribution to $100 a month in two years, and you would end up with almost $330,000.
A Roth IRA in particular is a good idea because you can withdraw money you’ve put into it at any time without penalty. So it can function as a backup emergency fund.
•Pick the right bank account. A checking account with lots of fees will needlessly eat into your earnings.
You might be tempted to choose the bank your parents use, but shop around. Make sure you understand minimum balance requirements and monthly maintenance, ATM and overdraft fees.
Another way to plan for your future: Put down a deposit on a secured credit card. Your deposit — say, $200 — will generally be equal to your credit line. That will help you safely build credit , which could mean lower interest rates on a car loan and an easier time getting an apartment in the future.