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Intel puts off chip factory opening

The new chip factory Intel built in Chandler,

The new chip factory Intel built in Chandler, Ariz., has been equipped but will remain shut for the foreseeable future. Credit: Associated Press

SAN FRANCISCO - Intel Corp., hit by slumping personal computer sales, has put off opening a major chip factory that President Barack Obama once held up as an example of U.S. manufacturing potential.

The "Fab 42" facility built in Chandler, Ariz., originally slated as a $5-billion project that in late 2013 would start producing Intel's most advanced chips, will remain closed for the foreseeable future while other factories at the same site are upgraded, Intel spokesman Chuck Mulloy said Tuesday.

Intel's decision to not open the chip plant was first reported by The Arizona Republic.

"The new construction is going to be left vacant for now, and it will be targeted at future technologies," Mulloy said.

Despite not opening the new factory, or fab, Intel has exceeded a target to hire more than 1,000 employees since construction started in 2011, Mulloy said. Intel received state tax benefits for hiring those people.

Campaigning for re-election in 2012, Obama made a stop at the factory's construction site, where he called for government incentives to attract manufacturing lost to Asia in recent years back to the United States.

Intel is the world's top chipmaker, but it was caught off-guard by smartphones and tablets, a computing revolution that has cut into demand for PCs, the company's core business.

Global PC shipments fell 10 percent in 2013, the worst year since market research firm Gartner began tracking those products.

"The newer fab has not been equipped with the capital equipment. It has heating and air conditioning, but the actual tools, the expensive stuff, are not in there," Mulloy said.

Intel originally meant to install its most advanced manufacturing technology at the plant and make 14 nanometer microchips with transistors so tiny that some 100 million of them could fit on the head of a pin.

Existing factories at the Chandler site using Intel's previous generation of manufacturing, 22 nm, are being converted to also make chips at 14 nm, and many of Intel's new employees are working there, Mulloy said.

"It boils down to better capital utilization," Mulloy said.

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