Groshen, 57, an economist, is a vice president for microeconomic and regional studies at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. If the U.S. Senate approves her, she would succeed acting BLS commissioner John M. Galvin.
The nomination is for a four-year term at the agency, which is a division of the U.S. Department of Labor. BLS is best known for its monthly report on jobs and the unemployment rate.
Groshen wasn't available for comment.
The New York Fed is one of 12 regional reserve banks. Besides New York State, the bank's jurisdiction includes the 12 northern counties of New Jersey, Fairfield County in Connecticut, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.