Top officials in President George W. Bush's administration, including two former directors of the Central Intelligence Agency, are expected to join scholars, journalists and students at a Hofstra University conference this week.
The politics, leadership, policies and decisions that were hallmarks of the Bush era will be examined during the three-day event, which begins Tuesday. It is presented by the Peter S. Kalikow Center for the Study of the American Presidency and the Hofstra Cultural Center, in conjunction with the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum.
"We try to provide a broad scope so that students, faculty, participants and audience members get a picture of the presidency as a whole," said Meena Bose, director of the conference and director of the Kalikow Center. "Of course, there are always going to be issues we'd like to discuss further."
Bush, 68, declined an invitation to the event, university officials said. Porter J. Goss and Michael V. Hayden, who led the CIA during the two-term presidency, are expected to be there to answer questions.
Other notable guests include John D. Negroponte, the former director of national intelligence who also was deputy secretary of state and ambassador to Iraq; Daniel C. Kurtzer, former ambassador to Israel; and retired Col. Lawrence B. Wilkerson, former chief of staff to then-Secretary of State Colin Powell.
This is the university's 12th conference examining an American presidency. The last one, held in November 2005, explored the administration of President Bill Clinton, who came to the Hofstra campus for the event. Former Presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and George H.W. Bush also attended the conferences on their respective presidencies.
Hofstra has hosted two presidential debates, in 2008 and 2012, and has applied to be the site of a third in 2016.
"Hofstra's presidential conferences are extraordinary gatherings that bring together the leaders who helped shape an administration with the journalists who covered it and the scholars who will help assess its impact and legacy," president Stuart Rabinowitz said in a statement.
Cost of full admission to the event is $75 for the public. Discounts are available to Hofstra alumni, seniors and students who are enrolled at other universities.
The Kalikow Center was established in 2006 with a donation from Hofstra trustee and alumnus Peter S. Kalikow, a Manhattan real estate developer who is a former chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and a former publisher and owner of the New York Post.