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Subway Diversion Program offers homeless path to avoiding court

Advocates are sharply criticizing the new Subway Diversion

Advocates are sharply criticizing the new Subway Diversion Program pilot in Manhattan, which aims to direct the subway's homeless away from court and into restorative programs. Credit: Craig Ruttle

New York City is testing a new system to direct homeless people out of the subways and away from the courts.

As part of a pilot program in Manhattan, homeless individuals found violating MTA rules — including fare evasion or lying outstretched — will avoid paying civil summonses in they opt into a new Subway Diversion Program offering a host of social support services. Advocates sharply criticized the idea as misguided, while Mayor Bill de Blasio touted it as finding the “right balance” of enforcement and outreach.

“New Yorkers want homeless people in the subway to receive the right interventions that will help them get back on their feet,” de Blasio said in a statement. “Subjecting these individuals to criminal justice involvement for low level, nonviolent offenses is not the answer and does not help anyone.”

There are an estimated 3,588 “unsheltered” New Yorkers who reside on the streets and in the subways according to city data from the Department of Homeless Services. Many of those individuals seek shelter from the elements in the subway system. About 61 percent of those unsheltered New Yorkers said they sleep in the subways, according to a DHS survey in January — a reality that can also impact train service.

The new effort comes as the city continues to grapple with the homeless crisis, and as more lawmakers seek to lessen the penalties for low-level offenses amid a historic drop in crime. But Giselle Routhier, policy director at the Coalition for the Homeless, disagrees with the use of police to “chase [the homeless] in circles.”

“The NYPD’s misguided new policy will only serve to further criminalize homeless New Yorkers through useless summonses,” Routhier said. “There is no criminal justice or policing solution to homelessness in New York City. People avoid services and shelters for a variety of legitimate reasons, the most important being the shortage of safe, welcoming shelter beds and permanent and supportive housing.”

The city will rely on the NYPD to act as the front line for the new program, which will also be supported by the nonprofit Bowery Residents’ Committee. When police observe a homeless person breaking a transit rule, an officer can recommend the violator join the program in lieu of paying a summons.

If a homeless person chooses to participate, they’ll be taken to one of four offices in Manhattan, where the Bowery Residents’ Committee will conduct an assessment on housing, mental health and substance use. The committee could then refer the individual to services like detox placement, dedicated overnight and safe haven beds, drop-in services, or shelter intake.

“Our Office is proud to continue investing in structural reforms that keep New Yorkers out of the justice system and provide more meaningful interventions instead,” said Manhattan District Attorney Cy Vance in a statement. “Unsheltered people living in the subway need services — not arrests and court appearances for technical violations of transit rules.”

The MTA has experienced a 237-percent increase in incidents involving homeless New Yorkers over the past decade, from 254 such incidents in 2008 to 856 last year. Of those incidents in 2018, 659 led to the delay of at least one train.


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