Plattsburgh, a city of approximately 20,000 people about 22 miles south of the Canadian border, is an unlikely locale to attract a steady stream of Long Islanders in the dead of winter, when the average high temperature there hovers around 26 degrees.
The city is about a six-hour drive from the Island, while its single-runway airport largely attracts visitors from Montreal.
But "Lake City," as the locals call it because it sits on Lake Champlain, has something Nassau and Suffolk residents can only dream of: an available supply of the COVID-19 vaccine.
And with doses of the vaccine hard to get downstate, desperate Long Islanders are reluctantly packing their bags, filling up the tank and heading far north to secure an elusive appointment for inoculation.
GETTING COVID-19 VACCINES IN NY
- To complete a prescreening and find sites to schedule COVID-19 shots, people in the eligible lists can visit https://am-i-eligible.covid19vaccine.health.ny.gov/
- State residents may call the New York State Vaccination Hotline: 1-833-NYS-4VAX (1-833-697-4829)
- Northwell Health is booking its COVID-19 vaccine appointments online at northwell.edu/covidvaccine
- Call or visit your local pharmacist to check for participation in the state's vaccination effort.
- The state's phase distribution guidelines can be found at: https://covid19vaccine.health.ny.gov/phased-distribution-vaccine
Who qualifies for COVID-19 shots?
The State of New York has expended its eligibility list for vaccines against COVID-19 several times, expanding the groups of people included in the phases. This is a summary of the eligible groups. The following are the qualifying categories, as revised on March 29.
Group in Phase 1A
The state said about 2.1 million state residents belong in this group, including:
- Health care workers at hospitals who interact with patients.
- Residents and staff at nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
- Dentists, psychologists and others deemed health care workers with direct contact with patients.
- Employees of Federally Qualified Health Centers.
- EMT volunteers and staff.
- Coroners, medical examiners, some funeral workers.
- Staff and residents of state facilities for people with developmental disabilities, mental health care and addiction services.
- Employees at urgent care centers.
- Individuals administering COVID-19 vaccines, including local health department staff.
- Staff at ambulatory centers.
- Home care and hospice workers.
- Residents and staff at other congregate care facilities.
Group in Phase 1B
The state estimated about 3.2 million residents belong in this group, including:
- People 75 years of age and older.
- Teachers and education workers, including in-person college instructors, substitute teachers, student teachers, school administrators, paraprofessional staff, support staff, contractors in schools and bus drivers.
- First responders, including police; firefighters; state police; sheriff’s offices; county, town and village police departments, and other law enforcement offices.
- Public safety workers, including dispatchers and technicians.
- Public transit workers, including airport, railroad, subway, bus, ferry and Port Authority employees.
- Corrections officers.
- Other sworn and civilian personnel, such as court and peace officers.
- Grocery store workers dealing with the public.
- Individuals living in homeless shelters.
Following federal recommendations:
- Since Feb. 15, people at risk of moderate to severe illness due to health conditions, immunocompromised status or comorbidities, including ailments such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer and chronic kidney disease. The full list of qualifying conditions is listed with the announcement on the state's website.
Added at the discretion of local governments:
- Taxi drivers.
- Restaurant workers.
- Residents of facilities for developmentally disabled people.
- Hotel workers who interact with the public.
Other expansions of eligibility:
- State residents age 60 and older (Since March 10, 2021).
- “Public-facing” government and public employees (Since March 17, 2021).
- Workers for not-for-profit organizations who provide “public-facing” services (Since March 17, 2021).
- Building service workers who are “public-facing” employees (Since March 17, 2021).
- State residents age 50 and older (Since March 23, 2021).
Since March 30, 2021:
- State residents age 30 and older.
Since April 6, 2021:
- State residents age 16 and older.
SOURCE: New York State, Northwell Health.
"I just want to be safe as soon as possible," said Bridget Berbrick, 65, a retired public schoolteacher from Melville who has a March 20 appointment in Plattsburgh, where her sister lives. "It’s obvious there’s just not enough vaccine."
The 700-mile round-trip drive, which would need to be taken twice because the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two doses each, is an indicator of how problematic the state’s vaccine allocation program has become — and the lengths to which some will go to get their shot.
Newsday has heard from dozens of Long Islanders — primarily senior citizens — who have become so frustrated by their inability to get appointments at mass inoculation sites such as Jones Beach or Stony Brook University that they’re willing to make long trips to upstate locales such as Plattsburgh, Binghamton and SUNY Potsdam, where the vaccines are generally more available.
'Whatever it takes to get vaccinated'
"I spent two weeks on the computer at 5 a.m. and at midnight and could not find anything," said Lorraine Kelley, 69, of Huntington, who along with her husband, Richard, 81, were vaccinated in Plattsburgh last weekend. "For two weeks, it just consumed me. So at that point I just said, ‘Better to get it than to keep trying and go crazy.’"
Nance Hinchliffe, 69, of Huntington, who will be vaccinated at SUNY Binghamton on Feb. 27 with her husband, David Hinchliffe, 70, said there needs to be a better way to get a shot.
"I am going to do whatever it takes to get vaccinated and to get my family vaccinated," Nance Hinchliffe said. "So I will do the extra mile. I just don’t feel that it should be as cumbersome of a process."
Veronique Bailey, president of the Huntington branch of the NAACP, said residents of many impoverished communities, who have been particularly hard hit by the pandemic, have neither the ability nor resources to travel upstate to get the vaccine.
"Many are working and cannot afford to do a 4- to 8-hour drive to get a vaccination," said Bailey, who wants to see more vaccine sites open in minority communities. "Many of these individuals are waiting around for the opportunity because they don’t really have another place to go to locally."
The trip upstate is not without its own potential liabilities when it comes to social distancing.
There’s the anxiety of stopping for lunch, using a restroom or sleeping overnight at a hotel when making the drive in one day is not practical. And that’s to say nothing of the potential for a mechanical breakdown in the middle of winter and a pandemic.
Despite the inconvenience and risks, Candace Parsons, 72, of Bayville, and her daughter, Greta Kelly, 45, a preschool teacher from Oyster Bay, said they are relieved to have March 13 appointments at Binghamton — a roughly 220-mile ride in each direction.
But Parsons, a retired mental health therapist, argues there must be a better way to inoculate Long Islanders.
"It was a tough decision, but we couldn’t get anything locally," Parsons said. "It’s really frustrating that we have to travel that far just to get an appointment."
Others are more blunt.
"This is absurd," said Peter Bartfeld, 70, of North Woodmere, who canceled his March 31 appointment in Plattsburgh with his wife, Teri Schure, 67, after they secured appointments at Aqueduct Racetrack on Jan. 29. "It’s a failure of the system. It’s Kafkaesque or Rube Goldberg-esque."
Many Long Islanders said they are continuing to look for appointments closer to home in the coming weeks — with the goal of ditching upstate bookings — but have found no spots.
Vaccine supply and allocation woes
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo has blamed the lack of available appointments, particularly on Long Island and in New York City, on a diminished federal supply of the vaccine, which has forced some cancellations. The shortage also compelled New York City to delay the opening of mass vaccination sites at Yankee Stadium, Citi Field and Empire Outlets on Staten Island.
On Long Island, vaccine locations operated by Suffolk and run by Northwell Health in Nassau are totally booked as well.
The state currently receives about 250,000 doses of the vaccine each week — down from about 300,000 several weeks earlier — but can administer significantly more through its network of more than 3,700 provider sites, Cuomo said.
President Joe Biden announced Tuesday that federal allocations of the vaccine will increase by roughly 16% in the coming weeks, potentially easing the shortages nationwide and across the state.
But Bartfeld, a real estate attorney, said the state’s problems run deeper than just supply.
He noted that for nearly two weeks, the state’s vaccine sign-up site has shown eligibility only in Plattsburgh and at the SUNY Potsdam Field House, a roughly seven-hour drive from Long Island.
The solution, Bartfeld said, is obvious.
"Rather than requiring people from Long Island to travel many hours to upstate locations, an obvious partial solution is to have the vaccines brought to Long Island for those who have made appointments upstate," he said. "It is easier to move the serum to Long Island, rather than to have Long Islanders drive many hours back and forth to upstate vaccine locations."
State officials said if they see a weekly trend where appointments at certain vaccination sites are not being utilized, they will consider rebalancing the allocation.
"We allocate doses based on regional population, and our state-run mass vaccination sites are spread across the state to ensure everyone has access to them," said Gary Holmes, a State Health Department spokesman. "These sites’ goal is to vaccinate the region they are in, and of the nearly 600,000 appointments that have been made at state-run sites, roughly 75% are for New Yorkers from the site’s region."
If New Yorkers in one area are not booking all available appointments, Holmes said, "and someone is willing to travel to get a shot, that only reflects the woefully inadequate supply of vaccines we received from the Trump administration. Thankfully, we have already begun to see some progress under the Biden administration."
Meanwhile, Long Islanders say they are making do with the slots that are available.
Lina Tamayo, 21, a preschool teacher deemed an essential worker from Valley Stream, said she checked state eligibility websites on a virtually hourly basis for more than a week but was only able to get an appointment at SUNY Binghamton in April.
"It’s really frustrating," Tamayo said. "It’s a four-hour drive and then a four-hour drive to come back. I am a little bit concerned, but I would do anything to make sure the virus spreads less."
Diana Otte, 66, of Port Washington, is taking the process in stride. Otte, a preschool teacher who took a leave of absence during the pandemic, has a March 27 vaccination appointment in Plattsburgh with her husband, George Otte, 67.
"It is what it is," said Diana Otte, who shares a home with her husband, their son, his girlfriend and her grandson. "There is an awful lot of people that need to get vaccinated. Should it be this way? No. But we are not mad. It’s just going to take some time, I guess."
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