WASHINGTON - The tea party's demands for ideological purity have caught a few GOP presidential hopefuls off guard, forcing them to awkwardly defend some of their past decisions as they watch hard-right rivals gain ground.
It's painfully ironic for some of the Republicans most often mentioned as possible challengers to President Barack Obama in 2012. Stances that gave them national attention and credibility are now being used as cudgels to attack them as wobbly centrists.
Minnesota's Tim Pawlenty, for instance, gained a reputation as a pragmatic governor of a Democratic-leaning state. But now conservatives are berating him for accepting federal stimulus funds that helped him close a budget gap.
South Dakota Sen. John Thune, who also draws talk as a possible 2012 contender, said a federal bailout of banks was needed when he voted for the plan in 2008. Now, with tea party activists railing against the bailout, Thune is pushing efforts to end it.
And Mitt Romney, the closest thing to an early front-runner and, perhaps, the establishment candidate, is struggling to explain why he expanded health care as Massachusetts governor, even as he attacks Obama's similar plan for the nation.
Meanwhile, there's increasing buzz about some hard-line conservative Republicans who, until recently, rarely drew mention in presidential conversations. Chief among them is Texas Gov. Rick Perry. He handily defeated Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison in last month's Republican gubernatorial primary after positioning himself to her right on nearly every issue.
These tensions are likely to complicate the Republican presidential picture for the next two years, said Democratic consultant Chris Lehane, who worked on Al Gore's 2000 presidential campaign. Potential GOP candidates are caught between two vital bases, he said: Wall Street's deep-pocketed pragmatic interests and the high-decibel, uncompromising views of the tea party.
GOP hopefuls who can't figure out how to navigate that road, Lehane said, "will get run over."