JOINT BASE CHARLESTON, S.C. -- The audience gasped in surprise and gave a few low whistles as Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel delivered the news that furloughs, which have forced a 20 percent pay cut on most of the military's civilian workforce, probably will continue next year, and it might get worse.
"Those are the facts of life," Hagel told about 300 Defense Department employees, most of them middle-aged civilians, last week at an Air Force reception hall on this military base in Charleston.
Layoffs also are possible ahead for the department's civilian workforce of more than 800,000 employees, Hagel said, if Congress fails to stem the cuts in the next budget year, which starts Oct. 1.
On the heels of the department's first furlough day, and in three days of visits with members of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps, Hagel played the unenviable role of messenger to a frustrated and fearful workforce coping with the inevitability of a spending squeeze at the end of more than a decade of constant and costly war.
The fiscal crunch also lays bare the politically unpopular, if perhaps necessary, need to bring runaway military costs in line with most of the rest of the American public that has struggled economically for years.
"Everybody's bracing for the impact," Army Master Sgt. Trey Corrales said after Hagel spoke with soldiers during a quick stop at Fort Bragg, N.C.
Corrales' wife, a military civilian employee, is among those furloughed, and to save money they have canceled their cable TV and started carpooling to work.
"The effects of the economy have started to hit the military," Corrales said. "It was late in coming to us."
The furloughs have hit about 650,000 civilian employees but also have slowed health care and other services for the uniformed military, which has stopped some training missions and faces equipment shortages due to the budget shortfalls.
Troops were told this month they will no longer receive extra pay for deployments to 18 former global hot spots that are no longer considered danger zones.
Troops already are facing force reductions. The Army alone has announced plans to trim its ranks by 80,000 over the next five years.
The military has undergone cycles of expanding and shrinking of the force over generations, officials agree.
Hagel said this time is different, and worse, because of what he described as a "very dark cloud" of uncertainty hanging over the Pentagon as Congress considers whether to reverse $52 billion in spending cuts that are set to go into effect in 2014.