In a rare and public reflection on race, President Barack Obama called on the nation Friday to do some soul-searching over the death of Trayvon Martin and the acquittal of his shooter, saying the slain black teenager "could have been me 35 years ago."
Empathizing with the pain of many black Americans, Obama said the case conjured up a hard history of racial injustice "that doesn't go away." Obama's personal comments, in a surprise appearance in the White House press room, marked his most extensive discussion of race as president.
For Obama, who has written about his own struggles with racial identity but often has shied away from the subject in office, the speech signaled an unusual embrace of his standing as the nation's first black president and the longing of many African-Americans for him to give voice to their experiences.
History that 'doesn't go away'
"When you think about why, in the African-American community at least, there's a lot of pain around what happened here, I think it's important to recognize that the African-American community is looking at this issue through a set of experiences and a history that doesn't go away," Obama said during his 20-minute remarks.
A Florida jury last week acquitted George Zimmerman of all charges in the March 2012 shooting of Martin, an unarmed 17-year-old. The verdict was cheered by those who agreed that Zimmerman was acting in self-defense, while others protested the outcome, believing Zimmerman had targeted Martin because he was black.
Despite his emotional comments, the president appeared to signal that the Justice Department was unlikely to file federal civil rights charges against Zimmerman. Traditionally, he said, "these are issues of state and local government."
Even as the president urged the public to accept the verdict -- "once the jury's spoken, that's how our system works" -- he gave voice to the feelings held by many angered by the jury's decisions.
There's a sense, Obama said, "that if a white male teen was involved in the same kind of scenario, that, from top to bottom, both the outcome and the aftermath might have been different."
The president spoke emotionally about Martin's parents, Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Martin, saying they had displayed incredible grace and dignity.
Martin's parents released a statement, saying, "President Obama sees himself in Trayvon and identifies with him. This is a beautiful tribute to our boy."
Zimmerman's brother, Robert, also welcomed the president's remarks, telling Fox News that "the American people need to have some time to digest what really happened and to do that soul-searching the president spoke of."
Obama has rarely addressed the matter as a public figure. He last spoke about race in a substantial way as a presidential candidate in 2008 in addressing criticism over incendiary comments made by his former pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright.
Distrust in the shadowsYesterday, Obama spoke poignantly about the distrust that shadows many African-American men, saying that they can draw nervous stares on elevators and hear car locks clicking when they walk down the street.
"There are very few African-American men in this country who haven't had the experience of being followed when they were shopping in a department store," he said. "That includes me."
Seeking to inject a sense of hope into his otherwise somber remarks, the president said race relations in the United States have improved with each passing generation. He said his young daughters and their friends are "better than we were."
"We're becoming a more perfect union," he said. "Not a perfect union, but a more perfect union."
The president also waded into the thorny debates on racial profiling and Florida's "stand your ground" law.
Obama said it would be useful "to examine some state and local laws to see . . . if they are designed in such a way that they may encourage the kinds of altercations" that led to Martin's death. He questioned whether a law that sends the message that someone who is armed "has the right to use those firearms even if there is a way for them to exit from a situation" really promotes peace and security.
And he raised the provocative question of whether Martin himself, if he had been armed and of age, "could he have stood his ground on that sidewalk" and shot Zimmerman if he felt threatened when being followed.