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Senators guarded as they craft immigration bill

WASHINGTON -- The eight senators meet in private several times a week, alternating between Sen. John McCain's and Sen. Charles Schumer's offices. They sit in arm chairs arranged in a circle and sip water or soft drinks as they debate temporary workers and border security.

In a capital riven by partisanship and gridlock, these Republicans and Democrats are determined to be the exception and actually get something done.

This is immigration reform's "Gang of Eight." With them lies the best hope in years for overhauling the nation's byzantine immigration laws -- and they know it. That's partly why they are, by all accounts, working amazingly well together as a self-imposed spring deadline approaches for their sweeping legislation to be released.

The progress is happening even though the group includes some of the Senate's most outsized personalities: failed and prospective presidential candidates, one lawmaker dogged by scandal and another facing a potential re-election challenge that could be complicated by his stance on immigration.

"I tell you what, this is one of the best experiences I've had. Everybody's serious, everybody's knowledgeable, they've been around the issue," said Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) who faces re-election next year and a potential GOP primary challenge from the right. He said it's "sort of what I came up here to do -- sit down with serious people to solve serious and hard problems."

In addition to McCain (R-Ariz.) Schumer (D-N.Y.) and Graham, the group has Sens. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), a potential 2016 presidential candidate; Dick Durbin (D-Ill.); Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.); Michael Bennet (D-Colo.); and Robert Menendez (D-N.J.), who's battling allegations related to prostitution and ties to one of his donors.

They meet for an hour or an hour-and-a-half at a time on days when the Senate is in session. No reporters stake out these meetings and aides stand or sit in the background, behind their bosses. They're assiduous about avoiding leaks and tight-lipped on the details of how their talks are going.

"I'm guardedly optimistic," McCain almost invariably says when asked.

McCain and Schumer sometimes take the lead but others speak up as issues arise that are of special importance to them. Menendez has made family reunification a focus; Durbin has championed the cause of immigrants brought illegally to the country as children. Graham and Schumer have jointly tried to help broker an agreement between business and labor over a program to bring future workers to the country, which several lawmakers said remains the toughest challenge.

The mood in the meetings varies between lighthearted and serious. McCain is given to ribbing Graham and others. Schumer appears to have developed a genuine fondness for McCain and Graham.

Mostly, there's a focus on getting a bill that can pass and become law, and the sessions are almost an oasis from the fights over the budget that have occupied Congress much of the year.

"It's nice to be in a room where people are actually trying to solve problems and accomplish something," Bennet said.

The legislation the group is working on would add border security, then provide a pathway to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants already in the country, crack down on employers and improve legal immigration.

Senators have indicated some consensus on elements related to border security and the path to citizenship. They are struggling on the question of legal immigration and future workers, and are trading proposals with leaders of the AFL-CIO and Chamber of Commerce to try to reach a deal.

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