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Obama: Lincoln made me possible

A long day of homages to Abraham Lincoln has begun in Washington, where President Barack Obama joined a celebration of the union-saving president's 200th birthday, and will close in Springfield, Ill., where Obama will attend a dinner honoring Lincoln in the city where Obama's own campaign for the White House started two years ago.

"We are far less divided than in Lincoln's Day,'' Obama said this morning, "but when we are once again debating the critical issues of our time - and debating them fiercely - let us remember that we are doing so as servants to the same flag, as representatives of the same people.''

Last night, the president and First Lady Michelle Obama attended a celebration for the reopening of a renovated Ford's Theatre, the Washington playhouse where Lincoln was assassinated.

- Click here to see photos of President Obama marking Abraham Lincoln's birthday

- Click here to see 11 photos and paintings of Abraham Lincoln

This morning, the president honored Lincoln in the Capitol whose construction would not be halted by the demand for war metals.

In his many remarks surrounding the anniversary of Lincoln's birth today, the president is reiterating the lesson of "unity'' which the 16th president taught a nation.

"It is an honor to be here - a place where Lincoln served, was inaugurated, and where the nation he saved bid him a last farewell,'' Obama said today.

"As we mark the bicentennial of our 16th president's birth, I cannot claim to know as much about his life and works as many of those who are also speaking today, but I can say that I feel a special gratitude to this singular figure who in so many ways made my own story possible - and who in so many ways made America's story possible.

"It is fitting that we are holding this celebration here at the Capitol,'' he said. "For the life of this building is bound ever so closely to the times of this immortal President. Built by artisans and craftsmen, immigrants and slaves - it was here, in the rotunda, that union soldiers received help from a makeshift hospital; it was downstairs, in the basement, that they were baked bread to give them strength; and it was in the Senate and House chambers, where they slept at night, and spent some of their days.

"What those soldiers saw when they looked on this building was a very different sight than the one we see today. For it remained unfinished until the end of the war,'' he said. "The laborers who built the dome came to work wondering whether each day would be their last; whether the metal they were using for its frame would be requisitioned for the war and melted down into bullets. But each day went by without any orders to halt construction, and so they kept on working and kept on building.

"When President Lincoln was finally told of all the metal being used here, his response was short and clear: that is as it should be,'' he said. "The American people needed to be reminded, he believed, that even in a time of war, the work would go on; that even when the nation itself was in doubt, its future was being secured; and that on that distant day, when the guns fell silent, a national capitol would stand, with a statue of freedom at its peak, as a symbol of unity in a land still mending its divisions.

"It is this sense of unity, this ability to plan for a shared future even at a moment our nation was torn apart, that I reflect on today. And while there are any number of moments that reveal that particular side of this extraordinary man - that particular aspect of his leadership - there is one I'd like to share with you today.

"In the war's final weeks, aboard Grant's flagship, The River Queen, President Lincoln was asked what was to be done with the rebel armies once General Lee surrendered. With victory at hand, Lincoln could have sought revenge. He could have forced the South to pay a steep price for their rebellion. But despite all the bloodshed and all the misery that each side had exacted upon the other, no Confederate soldier was to be punished, Lincoln ordered. They were to be treated, as he put it, "liberally all round." All Lincoln wanted was for Confederate troops to go back home and return to work on their farms and in their shops. He was even willing, he said, to "let them have their horses to plow with and...their guns to shoot crows with."

"That was the only way, Lincoln knew, to repair the rifts that had torn this country apart,'' Obama said. "It was the only way to begin the healing that our nation so desperately needed. For what Lincoln never forgot, not even in the midst of civil war, was that despite all that divided us - north and south, black and white - we were, at heart, one nation and one people, sharing a bond as Americans that could not break.

"And so even as we meet here today, at a moment when we are far less divided than in Lincoln's day, but when we are once again debating the critical issues of our time - and debating them fiercely - let us remember that we are doing so as servants to the same flag, as representatives of the same people, and as stakeholders in a common future,'' he said. "That is the most fitting tribute we can pay - and the most lasting monument we can build - to that most remarkable of men, Abraham Lincoln.''

- Click here to see photos of President Obama marking Abraham Lincoln's birthday

- Click here to see 11 photos and paintings of Abraham Lincoln

- Click here to read 6 more of Barack Obama's notable speeches

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