The Court of Appeals yesterday rejected Derek Klink's claim he faced "a sudden and unexpected circumstance" from temporary blindness when his car fatally struck pedestrian Irene Lifson in February 2000.
The court, divided 5-2, is sending Klink's case back to the trial court, where a jury initially concluded the city of Syracuse was 15 percent negligent and Lifson was 85 percent at fault.
Jurors had been instructed to consider the emergency doctrine, where they should first determine whether the driver faced an emergency situation and responded prudently. The doctrine recognizes that drivers in emergencies "cannot reasonably be held to the same accuracy of judgment or conduct as one who has a full opportunity to reflect."
Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman wrote that Klink was turning west after leaving work shortly after 4 p.m. on Feb. 29, the time of day the sun would be setting. "It is well known, and therefore cannot be considered a sudden and unexpected circumstance, that the sun can interfere with one's vision as it nears the horizon at sunset, particularly when one is heading west," he wrote in the majority opinion.
"This is not to say that sun glare can never generate an emergency situation but, under the circumstances presented, there is no reasonable view of the evidence under which sun glare constitutes a qualifying emergency," Lippman wrote.
He noted there was no evidence that Lifson, who was wearing a red coat, darted in front of the car or that Klink was speeding.
Judges Carmen Beauchamp Ciparick, Victoria Graffeo, Eugene Pigott Jr. and Theodore Jones Jr. agreed with Lippman.
"I admit that sunset is a foreseeable event. Yet surely everyone who has driven a car knows that good drivers are sometimes surprised to find the sun in their eyes," Judge Robert Smith wrote in the dissent, joined by Judge Susan Read. "In deciding whether an emergency instruction was properly given, the issue is not whether the emergency was foreseeable; it is whether it was sudden and unexpected."