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Japan defends whaling program in UN court

THE HAGUE, Netherlands -- Japan launched an impassioned defense Tuesday of its harpooning of whales in the icy seas around Antarctica, insisting the hunt is legal because it gathers valuable scientific data that could pave the way to a resumption of sustainable whaling in the future.

The country is arguing a case brought by Australia to the UN's highest judicial organ that seeks to outlaw its annual killing of hundreds of whales in Antarctic waters.

"It is true that Japan takes and kills whales," the country's deputy foreign minister, Koji Tsuruoka, told the International Court of Justice, on the first day of arguments. "Should we be ashamed of it? Even if some people believe we should, that does not mean we are in breach of international law."

Tsuruoka implicitly accused Australia of launching the case to impose on Japan its cultural aversion to whaling rather than to right a legal wrong.

Under a 1946 treaty regulating whaling, nations can grant permits to kill whales for scientific research. Lawyers for Australia argue that Japan's scientific whaling program was set up simply to sidestep a 1986 moratorium on commercial whaling.

Meat from the whales ends up on plates in homes and restaurants across Japan, where the flesh is considered a delicacy.

"No other nation, before or since, has found the need to engage in lethal scientific research on anything like this scale," Australian Solicitor-General Justin Gleeson told the judges last week. Australia argues that such research can be carried out without killing whales.

Hearings in The Hague are to wrap up July 16, and the 16-judge world court will take months to issue a judgment. -- AP

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