VATICAN CITY -- Pope Francis attacked unfettered capitalism yesterday as "a new tyranny" and beseeched global leaders to fight poverty and growing inequality, in a document setting out a platform for his papacy and calling for a renewal of the Catholic Church.
The 84-page document, known as an apostolic exhortation, was the first major work he has written alone as pope and makes official many views he has aired in sermons and remarks since he became in March the first non-European pontiff in 1,300 years.
In it, Francis went further than previous comments criticizing the global economic system, attacking the "idolatry of money." He urged politicians to "attack the structural causes of inequality" and strive to provide work, health care and education to all citizens.
He also called on rich people to share their wealth.
"Just as the commandment 'Thou shalt not kill' sets a clear limit in order to safeguard the value of human life, today we also have to say 'thou shalt not' to an economy of exclusion and inequality. Such an economy kills," Francis wrote.
"How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses 2 points?"
The pope said renewal of the church could not be put off and said the Vatican and its hierarchy "also need to hear the call to pastoral conversion."
"I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security," he wrote.
Italian theologian Massimo Faggioli said it was the "manifesto of Francis," while veteran Vatican analyst John Thavis called it a "Magna Carta for church reform."
"The message on poverty sets Pope Francis on a collision course with neo-liberal Catholic thought, especially in the United States," said Faggioli, an expert on reform in the Catholic Church.
Other analysts said progressive streams in the church would bristle at the document's rejection of women priests, though it leaves the door open to women taking other "decision-making" positions in the church.
In July, Francis finished an encyclical begun by Pope Benedict XVI but he made clear it was largely the work of his predecessor, who resigned in February.
Called "Evangelii Gaudium" (The Joy of the Gospel), the exhortation is presented in Francis' simple preaching style, distinct from the more academic writings of former popes, and stresses the church's central mission of spreading the gospel.
A meditation on how to revitalize a church suffering encroaching secularization in the West, the document echoed the zeal often heard from evangelical Protestants who have won over disaffected Catholics in the pope's native Latin America.
In it, economic inequality features as one of the issues Francis is most concerned about. Unequal distribution of wealth inevitably leads to violence, he warns.
Denying it was simple populism, he called for action "beyond a simple welfare mentality" and added: "I beg the Lord to grant us more politicians who are genuinely disturbed by the state of society, the people, the lives of the poor."
Munich Cardinal Reinhard Marx, one of eight special papal advisers, said the pope aimed his criticism at modern society "but also at the church itself, which is always tempted to look inward and betray its mission of evangelization."
Stressing cooperation among religions, Francis quoted Pope John Paul II's idea that the papacy might be reshaped to promote closer ties with other Christian churches. He praised cooperation with Jews and Muslims and urged Islamic countries to guarantee their Christian minorities the same religious freedom Muslims enjoy in the West.