No, the next pope will not be a nun - yet there could well be major changes in the role of women in the church, even without any changes in current church law. Though it's not widely known, nothing precludes women from serving as cardinal-electors, even though they can't be priests. So the new pontiff could easily appoint female cardinals - and send the message that women really are important leaders in the church.

No, the next pope won't be making any big announcements - not on Day One or Day 1,001 - about changes in the church's position on priestly celibacy, or heaven knows, abortion. Yet before he left St. Peter's on Wednesday, Benedict XVI made clear that change is a constant, even in the Eternal City, when he referred to the church as a "living body," always in flux.

In fact, important changes have already happened, just recently. Though the news was overshadowed by Benedict's retirement, German bishops have cautiously voiced approval of the use of the morning-after pill in cases of rape.

No, the next pope isn't very likely to be the American most talked about as a contender, Cardinal Timothy Dolan of New York. In an interview with CNN's Christiane Amanpour in Rome on Thursday, Dolan joked that he's always been on his mom's list for the job - and in his jovial way demonstrated why, despite being well known and well liked by his fellow cardinals, he's probably too much of an American to be chosen.

But when the cardinals gather soon in Rome to choose Benedict's successor, perhaps the most important question they face is whether their choice will move the Catholic Church past the clerical sex abuse scandal that has hung over it for so long.

A more serious reason Dolan isn't the American antidote to what ails the church also came from his own mouth, when he told Amanpour, in reference to the scandals, that the Catholic Church, though once a model of what not to do, is now a model of what to do. "Now the church is doing it right," he said, though if we want to be critical "we could go back decades." That wouldn't be necessary, actually.

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Just last year, in September, Bishop Robert William Finn of Kansas City was found guilty of failing to report a priest suspected of child sex abuse - child porn was found on his computer. Finn was sentenced to two years of probation - and remains a bishop in good standing.

As we head into a conclave in which one of the cardinal-electors, Roger Mahony of Los Angeles, is known to have protected child predators, it's patently false to say that abuse is an issue from decades gone by.

What's more, Dolan's statement that the issue persists in part because "a lot of people . . . don't want any good news" about the Catholic Church - and want to think that the institution is "the Great Satan" - certainly raises questions about how much has been learned in the decade since, at the height of the sex abuse scandals, that kind of talk was common among Vatican officials. Many of those officials believed the issue was manufactured by the enemies of Holy Mother Church.

One American cardinal who knows better, who has for years been keenly sensitive to the sexual abuse issue, is Boston's Sean O'Malley, the other American most frequently mentioned as a possible successor to Benedict.

Though his election is hardly the most likely outcome, it isn't just wishful thinking among Americans. who are not even the ones promoting him as an option.O'Malley appears to have no enemies, speaks multiple languages, is well known to his fellow cardinals, having been a bishop for decades, and is a special favorite among Latin American cardinals.who are lined up to support him if there's a deadlock among Italians and the perceived front-runner, Milan's Angelo Scola, isn't chosen.

O'Malley instituted a "zero tolerance" policy on sex abuse as early as 1995, requiring all Catholic clergymen, staff and volunteers who worked with children to participate in abuse prevention workshops, agree to criminal background checks and fill out questionnaires about their past.

O'Malley built a reputation as a reformer as a result, and it is that reputation that has media outlets in Rome buzzing about him as a possible contender.

Benedict, a reluctant pontiff from the start, seemed relieved to be putting down the burdens of the papacy, saying, "I look forward to giving my obedience to my successor," and telling the cardinals, "You have borne with me the weight of the Petrine ministry."

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Given all the tensions within and without the church today, it's hard to imagine that many cardinals are pining for the post - or would wish it on a friend. Yet if Sean O'Malley were chosen, it would send the message at long, long last that the church's leader truly understands what the victims of priestly abuse have been through.