The federal government has evidence that Barry Bonds tested positive for steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs in 2000 and 2001, according to documents unsealed yesterday by the judge presiding over the upcoming perjury trial.
The unsealed documents also detail a taped conversation in which federal prosecutors said Bonds' trainer, Greg Anderson, admitted Bonds' steroids use to a friend. Also released was an updated witness list for Bonds' trial, scheduled to begin on March 2 in San Francisco.
Among those the government expects to testify are Jason and Jeremy Giambi and former players Marvin Bernard, Benito Santiago and Bobby Estalella, all of whom testified in the 2003 BALCO grand jury investigation.
According to the unsealed documents, the government also expects Dr. Don Catlin to testify that the urine sample Bonds gave to Major League Baseball during the 2003 season tested positive for THG and Clomid, an anti-estrogen drug, and also showed signs of synthetic testosterone.
Bonds, baseball's home run king, is charged with lying to a grand jury in 2003 when he testified that he did not knowingly take steroids and performance-enhancing drugs.
Federal prosecutors, according to the unsealed documents, intend to use the positive tests for the steroids methenelone and nandrolone in 2000 and 2001 as evidence that Bonds lied under oath.
Whether Anderson, the personal trainer who has spent time in prison for refusing to testify against Bonds, will testify in the case remains doubtful, but the documents showed that the government plans to enter into testimony a conversation Anderson had with a friend that was taped without his knowledge.
According to the documents, Steve Hoskins, described as "a former associate of Bonds," taped a conversation with Anderson inside the San Francisco Giants clubhouse in 2003. Prosecutors wrote in this document that they did not know about this conversation until "years after the conversation took place."
"According to Hoskins, Bobby Bonds did not believe that his son was using steroids, so Hoskins decided to tape a conversation wherein Greg Anderson discussed the defendant's steroids use and the fact that Anderson assisted the defendant with steroids."
What is said to be a transcript of the taped conversation has Anderson boasting that he will be tipped off a week before Major League Baseball comes to test players.
Major League Baseball first tested for performance-enhancing drugs in 2003 and there were no penalties for testing positive. It was to determine the depth of steroid use among players.
Anderson, according to the transcript, said "the lab that does my stuff, is the lab that does entire baseball ... I'll know like probably a week in advance, or two weeks in advance before they're going to do it."
Also according to the documents, Bonds' defense lawyers recently filed a motion to dismiss, among other things, the blood and urine test results, BALCO calendars for Bonds and other players, Anderson's taped conversation and testimony about changes in Bonds' personality, body type, head shape and acne during the years he allegedly was taking performance-enhancing drugs.
The Giambi brothers and the other former major-leaguers will not testify about Bonds' alleged steroid use; according to federal prosecutors in the documents, they will be testifying about their own BALCO calendar of scheduled drug use to lend credence to the calendar attributed to Bonds.
U.S. District Judge Susan Illston will hear arguments today and rule whether the evidence can be used in the trial.
The 5 positives
The court documents unsealed by a federal judge yesterday in the government's criminal case against Barry Bonds included the results of 26 blood and urine tests. Prosecutors contend five are positive for performance-enhancing drugs. Three of the results were seized from BALCO and did not include Bonds' name; the government said it determined they belonged to Bonds through a Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative log. The other two tests were conducted by Major League Baseball. One later was retested by the government, which is when it came up positive.
NOV. 28, 2000 BALCO urine test positive for methenolone and nandrolone
FEB. 5, 2001 BALCO urine test positive for methenolone
FEB. 19, 2001 BALCO urine test positive for methenolone and nandrolone
JUNE 4, 2003 MLB urine test positive for THG, clomiphene, exogenous testosterone
JULY 7, 2006 MLB urine test positive for D-amphetamine