Rob Manfred was elected the 10th MLB commissioner on Thursday, Aug. 14, 2014. He will take over for Bud Selig, who is set to retire in January 2015. Take a look back at every commissioner in baseball's history.
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
Jan. 12, 1921 to Nov. 25, 1944
Notable: Landis banned eight White Sox players involved in the “Black Sox” scandal of the 1919 World Series.
A.B. "Happy" Chandler
April 24, 1945 to July 15, 1951
Notable: Chandler supported the idea of the Brooklyn Dodgers signing Jackie Robinson to contract with their Montreal farm team. Robinson became the first black player to play Major League Baseball in 1947.
(Pictured with the Dodgers' Dan Bankhead, left, and Jackie Robinson, right)
Sept. 20, 1951 to Nov. 16, 1965
Notable: MLB grew from eight to 10 teams in each league during Frick’s tenure.
General William D. Eckert
Nov. 17, 1965 to Dec. 20, 1968
Notable: Eckert was an actual general. He was commissioned lieutenant general, making him the youngest three-star officer in the U.S. Armed Forces in 1957.
Feb. 4, 1969 to Sept. 30, 1984
Notable: Kuhn’s tenure featured some historical events. In 1969, Curt Flood was traded by the St. Louis Cardinals to the Philadelphia Phillies, but refused to report and sat out the 1970 season. Flood challenged baseball’s reserve clause and the right of clubs to trade players. The case went to the Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of baseball. Abitrator Peter Seitz’s decision in 1975 involving pitchers Andy Messersmith and Dave McNally allowed players the right to free agency for the first time. In 1981, MLB endured a 57-day players’ strike.
Oct. 1, 1985 to March 31, 1989
Baseball became profitable again under Ueberroth, making a net profit of $21.3 million in 1987, its first profitable year since 1973. He also negotiated lucrative television deals with CBS (four-year, $1.1 billion contract) and ESPN (a four-year $400 million contract).
A. Bartlett Giamatti
April 1, 1989 to Sept. 1, 1989
Notable: Giamatti — with the help of deputy commissioner Fay Vincent — gave Cincinnati Reds manager and baseball’s all-time hit leader Pete Rose a lifetime suspension in 1989 for gambling on games.
Sept. 13, 1989 to Sept. 7, 1992
Vincent banned Yankees owner George Steinbrenner for life for his involvement with Howie Spira, a small-time gambler hired to dig up dirt on star outfielder Dave Winfield.
Sept. 9, 1992 to July 8, 1998 (acting); July 9, 1998 to January 2015
Notable: Selig has had many important moments during his tenure. Three key moments: in 2002, Selig asked teams to accept a luxury tax, which would eliminate competition gaps between big-market and small-market teams, and increase revenue sharing; in 2004, MLB implemented the first mandatory steroids testing program; in December 2007, the 409-page Mitchell Report detailed the use of performance-enhancing drugs in baseball.
Elected Aug. 14, 2014, to begin January 2015