A look at some of the notable players who defected from Cuba in order to pursue a career in MLB. Players who escaped Cuba as children are not listed. The list is ordered alphabetically.
JOSE ABREU, 1B
Jose Abreu debuted with the White Sox in 2014, batting .317 with a .383 on-base percentage, MLB-leading .581 slugging percentage and 36 home runs. He won the AL Rookie of the Year award, was a Silver Slugger winner, an All-Star and finished fourth in MVP voting.
ERISBEL ARRUEBARRENA, SS
Erisbel Arruebarrena debuted with the Dodgers in 2014, batting .195 with one double in 22 games.
DANYS BAEZ, RHP
Danys Baez went 40-57 with a 4.25 ERA and 114 saves in 10 seasons for the Indians, Devil Rays, Phillies, Orioles, Dodgers and Braves. He made his MLB debut in 2001 with Cleveland and was selected to his only All-Star Game in 2005 while with Tampa Bay.
YUNIESKY BETANCOURT, INF
Yuniesky Betancourt batted .261 with a .285 OBP and 80 home runs in nine seasons for the Mariners, Royals and Brewers. He made his MLB debut in 2005.
RUSNEY CASTILLO, OF
Rusney Castillo debuted with the Red Sox in 2014, hitting .333 with a .400 OBP and two home runs in 10 games.
YOENIS CESPEDES, OF
Yoenis Cespedes is a .263 hitter with a .316 OBP and 71 home runs in three seasons with the Athletics and Red Sox. He finished second in AL Rookie of the Year voting in 2012, also finishing 10th in MVP voting. He was selected to the All-Star Game in 2014 and is a two-time Home Run Derby champion.
AROLDIS CHAPMAN, LHP
Aroldis Chapman, nicknamed "The Cuban Missile" for a fastball that routinely reaches speeds above 100 mph, is 15-16 with a 2.32 ERA and 113 saves in five seasons with the Reds. He's struck out 430 of the 994 batters he's faced (43.2 percent). Chapman debuted in 2010 and is a three-time All-Star.
JOSE CONTRERAS, RHP
Jose Contreras went 78-67 with a 4.57 ERA in 11 seasons with the White Sox, Phillies, Yankees, Rockies and Pirates. He debuted with the Yankees in 2003, won a World Series with the White Sox in 2005 and was selected to his only All-Star game in 2006.
ODRISAMER DESPAIGNE, RHP
Odrisamer Despaigne made his MLB debut in 2014, going 4-7 with a 3.36 ERA in 16 starts for the Padres.
ROENIS ELIAS, LHP
Roenis Elias debuted in 2014, going 10-12 with a 3.85 ERA in 29 starts for the Mariners.
YUNEL ESCOBAR, SS
Yunel Escobar is a .276 hitter with a .347 OBP and 69 home runs in eight seasons for the Braves, Blue Jays and Rays. Escobar finished sixth in NL Rookie of the Year voting in 2007 and finished 20th in NL MVP voting in 2009 when he batted .299 with a .377 OBP and 14 home runs.
MIGUEL ALFREDO GONZALEZ, RHP
Miguel Alfredo Gonzalez debuted with the Phillies in 2014, posting a 6.75 ERA in 5 1/3 innings.
ADEINY HECHAVARRIA, SS
Adeiny Hechavarria is a .251 hitter with a .286 OBP and six home runs in three seasons with the Blue Jays and Marlins. He made his MLB debut in 2012.
LIVAN HERNANDEZ, RHP
Livan Hernandez was 178-177 with a 4.44 ERA in 17 seasons with the Nationals, Giants, Marlins, Diamondbacks, Twins, Mets, Rockies, Expos, Braves and Brewers. A two-time All-Star, Hernandez won a Silver Slugger in 2004 when he batted .247. He finished second in NL Rookie of the Year voting in 1997 and won a World Series with the Marlins the same season. Hernandez led the NL in complete games twice, and led MLB with nine in 2004. He led the NL in innings pitched in three consecutive seasons from 2003-2005, and led MLB in innings in 2004 and 2005.
ORLANDO HERNANDEZ, RHP
Orlando Hernandez, better known as "El Duque", was 90-65 with a 4.13 ERA in nine seasons for the Yankees, White Sox, Diamondbacks and Mets. Hernandez finished fourth in AL Rookie of the Year voting in 1998 and won four World Series (1998, 1999, 2000, 2005).
JOSE IGLESIAS, SS
Jose Iglesias is a .274 hitter with a .325 OBP and four home runs in three seasons with the Red Sox and Tigers. He made his MLB debut in 2011, but only played in 35 games during the following two years. He finished second in AL Rookie of the Year voting in 2013.
JORGE SOLER, OF
One of the Cubs' top prospects, Jorge Soler debuted in 2014. He batted .292 with a .330 OBP and five home runs in 24 games.
LEONYS MARTIN, OF
Leonys Martin is a .264 hitter with a .316 OBP, 15 home runs and 70 stolen bases in four seasons with the Rangers. He made his MLB debut in 2011.
KENDRYS MORALES, 1B/DH
Kendrys Morales is a .271 hitter with a .324 OBP and 110 home runs in eight seasons with the Angels, Mariners and Twins. He finished fifth in AL MVP voting in 2009 when he batted .306 with 34 home runs. Morales made his MLB debut in 2006.
REY ORDONEZ, SS
Rey Ordonez batted .246 with a .289 OBP and 12 home runs in nine seasons for the Mets, Devil Rays and Cubs. A three-time Gold Glove winner, he finished fifth in NL Rookie of the Year voting in 1996.
YASIEL PUIG, OF
Yasiel Puig is a .305 hitter with a .386 OBP and 35 home runs in two seasons with the Dodgers. The "Wild Horse" was selected to the 2014 All-Star Game, finished second in NL Rookie of the Year voting in 2013 and has twice finished in the top-20 in NL MVP voting.
ALEXEI RAMIREZ, SS
Alexei Ramirez is a .277 hitter with a .314 OBP and 99 home runs in seven seasons with the White Sox. A two-time Silver Slugger, he earned an All-Star nod in 2014 and finished second in AL Rookie of the Year voting in 2008.
ALEX SANCHEZ, OF
Alex Sanchez hit .296 with a .330 OBP and six home runs in five seasons with the Brewers, Tigers, Devil Rays and Giants. He made his MLB debut in 2001.
ALAY SOLER, RHP
Alay Soler went 2-3 with a 6.00 ERA in eight starts for the Mets in 2006, his lone year in MLB.
DAYAN VICIEDO, OF
Dayan Viciedo is a .254 hitter with a .298 OBP and 66 home runs in five seasons with the White Sox. He made his MLB debut in 2010.