The New York State Athletic Commission adopted the use of instant replay review in mixed martial arts earlier this month.
Under NYSAC policy now, the in-ring referee is permitted to view the sequence that ended a fight to determine the correct outcome. Such a review only can occur in the time between the fight being stopped and the final decision being announced. The in-ring referee may consult with the alternate referee, but authorization to make the final call rests solely with the in-ring referee.
No fight can resume after the instant replay review.
“This policy sets forth a process for the use of instant replay at ringside, adding clarity, transparency and predictability,” a NYSAC spokesperson wrote Thursday in an email to Newsday.
NYSAC’s policy follows the recommended standard set forth by the Association of Boxing Commissions and Combative Sports last July.
The need for a defined set of procedures regarding the use of instant replay review in an MMA bout was on display last April in a fight between Chris Weidman and Gegard Mousasi at UFC 210 in Buffalo.
Mousasi landed several knees to the head of Weidman as he was bent over and seemingly had both of his hands on the mat, signifying what is called “a grounded opponent.” Referee Dan Miragliotta ruled the strikes illegal. In the time Weidman was allowed to recover, Miragliotta consulted with outside referee John McCarthy, who said Weidman’s palms or fists were not on the mat.
Miragliotta reversed his call. Then, after doctors determined Weidman could not continue due to the strikes, Mousasi was awarded the win by technical knockout.
The confusion led to an appeal to NYSAC by Weidman the following week to change the decision to a no contest. It was denied several months later by the commission.
It was unclear at the time if NYSAC allowed video replay. NYSAC later referenced case law, in particular Frank v. Stevens in 2008. That case involved a boxing match between Raul Frank and Terrence Cauthen in 2007. NYSAC ruled Frank’s victory over Cauthen was a no-decision after reviewing video of the fight, saying an unintentional head butt caused the knockout of Cauthen.
“Providing clarity to the MMA community through adoption of a written process was the right thing to do, and we are glad to have the policy on the books,” the Commission spokesperson wrote.
NYSAC’s adoption of the new policy will get its first test perhaps next weekend. UFC 217 is set for Nov. 4 at Madison Square Garden, the seventh mixed martial arts event in New York since the state legalized the sport in March 2016.
NYSAC instant replay policy for MMA
Here are the eight items listed in the NYSAC policy on instant replay review in MMA:
1. When adequate technology is available, instant replay may be used by the in-ring referee to examine the fight ending sequence to determine the correct outcome of a bout
2. Instant replay may be used after the fight has officially concluded and before the final official outcome of the fight is announced in the ring.
3. Only the in-ring referee is authorized to initiate instant replay review.
4. The in-ring referee him/herself must watch the instant replay footage of the fight ending sequence on a video monitor provided for such purpose.
5. The in-ring referee may consult with the alternate referee to determine the correct outcome of a bout.
6. Only the in-ring referee is authorized to make the final official in-ring determination of the outcome of the bout following the instant replay review.
7. The fight cannot be resumed after the instant replay review.
8. Nothing in this policy shall restrict the Commission’s authority to review video evidence to determine the correct outcome after the final official outcome of a bout has been announced in the ring.