The studio where painter Winslow Homer derived inspiration on Maine's craggy coast and produced some of his most notable seascapes isn't heated by wood or illuminated by oil lamps the way it was in Homer's day.
But in most other ways, the studio has now been restored to what it was like when Homer lived there, from 1883 until his death in 1910, after a multiyear, $2.8-million restoration by the Portland Museum of Art.
With the renovation complete, the museum will begin offering public tours this month, giving visitors a firsthand look at where Homer became one of America's foremost 19th century painters and an esteemed figure in American art.
There are only a small number of studios of famous artists -- Andrew Wyeth, Jackson Pollock, Claude Monet and Frederic Church among them -- that are open to the public and allow people to experience what the artist experienced in his day, museum director Mark Bessire says.
The Homer studio, on the Prouts Neck peninsula 12 miles south of Portland, is significant because it's where Homer's artwork matured and where he created some of his masterpieces, Bessire says.
"When Homer comes to Maine, Maine changes the way he painted," Bessire says. "You have artist studios where artists worked, but then you have artist studios where the place actually changed the artist." Homer was born and raised in Boston and moved to New York as a young man. In his mid-40s, he moved to his family's estate in Maine and lived in a remodeled carriage house with a second-story balcony and an unobstructed view of the ocean.
Saving the studio
Homer already was an accomplished artist, but it was in this place that he created his well-known works focusing on man versus nature, showing the angry, tumultuous ocean crashing against shore and weather-beaten fishermen.
After Homer died, the studio passed down among family members until it was inherited by Homer's great-grandnephew, Charles "Chip" Homer Willauer, who, for many years, lived in the studio in the summer.
Willauer, 74, was concerned about the future of the building, worried that it would deteriorate over time and be lost to future generations. In 2006, he sold the structure to the Portland Museum of Art for $1.8 million.
The museum spent $2.8 million renovating the structure, including stabilizing the foundation, replacing the balcony, restoring a chimney, replacing windows and returning the exterior to its original green with brown trim. In all, the museum has raised $10.6 million in a campaign to pay for the purchase and renovation, an endowment, educational programs and exhibitions.
Willauer says he's thrilled with the finished work and happy he doesn't have to worry about the future of a building that was instrumental in Homer's life. But he's not so sure his great-great-uncle would have understood all the attention.
"I think that Winslow, who liked his privacy, would have been surprised by all the interest," Willauer says.
The studio opened for public tours Tuesday. To celebrate the opening, the museum is presenting an exhibition, "Weatherbeaten: Winslow Homer and Maine," featuring 38 of Homer's oils, watercolors and etchings that he produced in his studio. The exhibition runs through Dec. 30.
The museum will offer three tours of the studio each day, 10 people per tour, in spring and fall. The tour lasts 2 1/2 hours.
Because there's no public parking on Prouts Neck and the studio is in a private residential neighborhood, visitors will have to take a shuttle van from the museum. The nearby Black Point Inn is offering a limited availability Winslow Studio Tour package for $850, which includes two nights at the inn (double occupancy), breakfast for two each day, one dinner, two tickets for "Weatherbeaten" and a private studio tour. (For reservations, call 207-883-2500 or go to blackpointinn.com.)
Fewer than 4,000 people are expected to visit each year. "This is a shrine," Bessire said. "This is really about a pilgrimage, and we always meant it to be that way."
The Winslow Homer Studio, Scarborough, Maine
WHERE Tours depart by van from the Portland Museum of Art, 7 Congress Sq., Portland
WHEN At 10:30 a.m., 11:45 a.m., and 2 p.m., Tuesday through Sunday, until Dec. 2.
TICKETS $55, $30 for museum members
INFO 207-775-6148, portlandmuseum.org