A for sale sign is posted in front of a...

A for sale sign is posted in front of a home in Sacramento, Calif., March 3, 2022. The Biden administration is announcing new federal initiatives to increase access to affordable housing as high interest rates and still-high prices on groceries and other necessities have dramatically pushed up the cost of living in the post-pandemic years. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen is traveling to Minneapolis on Monday, June 24, 2024, to promote the new investments. Credit: AP/Rich Pedroncelli

WASHINGTON — The Biden administration announced new steps to increase access to affordable housing as still-high prices on groceries and other necessities and high interest rates have dramatically pushed up the cost of living in the post-pandemic years.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen promoted the new investments on Monday during a visit to Minneapolis. The investments include providing $100 million through a new fund to support affordable housing financing over the next three years, boosting the Federal Financing Bank’s financing of affordable housing and other measures.

The increased attention to home prices comes as the housing crunch becomes a growing issue in this year's general election campaign.

“We face a very significant housing supply shortfall that has been building for a long time,” Yellen said in a speech Monday afternoon. “This supply crunch has led to an affordability crunch.”

Yellen said the Democratic administration is “pursuing a broad affordability agenda to address the price pressures that families have been feeling.”

Both homebuyers and renters are facing increasing housing costs that skyrocketed after the pandemic. According to the Case-Shiller 20-City Composite Home Price Index, home prices increased by 46% between March 2020 and March 2024. A new Treasury analysis shows that over the past two decades, housing costs have been rising faster than incomes.

Meanwhile, sales of previously occupied U.S. homes fell in May for the third straight month as rising mortgage rates and record-high prices discouraged many prospective homebuyers during what’s traditionally the housing market’s busiest period of the year.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen testifies during a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee...

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen testifies during a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearing, June 4, 2024, on Capitol Hill in Washington. The Biden administration is announcing new federal initiatives to increase access to affordable housing as high interest rates and still-high prices on groceries and other necessities have dramatically pushed up the cost of living in the post-pandemic years. Yellen is traveling to Minneapolis on Monday, June 24, 2024, to promote the new investments. Credit: AP/Jacquelyn Martin

For low-income Americans, statistics from the National Low Income Housing Coalition show that nationally there is a shortage of more than 7 million affordable homes for the more than 10.8 million extremely low-income U.S. families. And there is no state or county in the country where a renter working full-time at minimum wage can afford a two-bedroom apartment, according to the group.

It is becoming a crisis in some cities. For instance, on Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, the cost of housing has become a public safety issue as it becomes difficult to attract and retain correctional officers and 911 dispatchers.

President Biden and presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump have put forward a variety of proposals on how to make life more affordable for average Americans, from Trump proposing to make tips tax-free for workers and Biden pursuing a plan to cut student loan payments for borrowers. A representative from the Trump campaign did not respond to an Associated Press request for comment.

But increased housing costs have some economists predicting the crunch may not end until the Federal Reserve lowers its key interest rate, which remains at 5.3%.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen testifies during a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee...

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen testifies during a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearing, June 4, 2024, on Capitol Hill in Washington. The Biden administration is announcing new federal initiatives to increase access to affordable housing as high interest rates and still-high prices on groceries and other necessities have dramatically pushed up the cost of living in the post-pandemic years. Yellen is traveling to Minneapolis on Monday, June 24, 2024, to promote the new investments. Credit: AP/Jacquelyn Martin

Sal Guatieri, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets Economic Research, wrote Friday that little change is expected in the housing market “until the Fed reduces policy rates.”

Diane Yentel, president and CEO of the National Low Income Housing Coalition, said the White House has made efforts to prevent evictions and address the housing crisis, “but there is much more work still to be done.”

Yentel said congressional action is needed to "quickly enact transformative and badly needed housing investments. Only through a combination of administrative action and robust federal funding can the country truly resolve its affordable housing crisis.”

In her speech, Yellen called on Congress to pass Biden's proposed budget, released in March.

The budget calls on Congress to provide a tax credit for first-time homebuyers and includes a plan to build more than 2 million homes. It would expand the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit.

The Biden administration has taken other steps to boost the housing supply, including launching a multi-agency effort to encourage states and cities to convert more empty office buildings into housing units, with billions of federal dollars available to help spur such transitions.

In July 2023, the Department of Housing and Urban Development provided communities with $85 million to reduce barriers to affordable housing, such as zoning restrictions that in some places have become a hurdle to increasing the supply and density of affordable housing.

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