An application for a 2020 absentee ballot for Suffolk County.

An application for a 2020 absentee ballot for Suffolk County. Credit: Newsday / Ken Sawchuk

New Yorkers have three ways to vote in this year’s general election on Nov. 3.

Election Day

Voters may vote at their regular polling places from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. The traditional number of polling sites will be open in each county, although in a few cases the sites have moved nearby. The polling sites are listed on each county board of elections website. The state Board of Elections has a web portal through which voters may find their polling place as well as sites for early voting at

Voters who submitted absentee ballots can overrule that vote by casting another at their polling place on Election Day.

Voters who are told they are no longer registered at the polls may sign an affidavit ballot. Rulings on those votes would be made in the week after Election Day.

Absentee ballots

This year, any voter was able to receive an absentee ballot if they were concerned about the spread of COVID-19 at polling places.

Voters could request absentee ballots from their county board of elections by mail, email, fax, telephone or by visiting.

Absentee ballot applications could be downloaded in English or in Spanish at A voter was to complete the application and check "temporary illness or physical disability" for the reason, which would include concern about contracting the COVID-19 virus.

A voter could also apply for an absentee ballot through the state’s new Electronic Absentee Ballot Application Portal:

Applications that were mailed, emailed, faxed or completed online needed to be postmarked or dated no later than Oct. 27. In some cases, mostly in Brooklyn and Nassau, ballots had incorrect names on return envelopes. Those voters were to be sent accurate envelopes. In New York City, absentee ballots and military ballots are one form. A civilian voter could vote by absentee ballot on a ballot marked "military" if that is what they received.

The Postal Service could not guarantee timely delivery of mailed applications sent less than 15 days before Election Day. Election officials and the Postal Service agreed that voters may mail ballots with a single first-class stamp costing 55 cents, even though the weight of the ballot would normally be more.

Voters could apply for absentee ballots in person at county boards of election up to Nov. 2.

Absentee ballots were mailed to applicants beginning Sept. 18.

Once voters decide whom to vote for, they were to mark their choices on the ballot and then place it in the security envelope provided. Voters were encouraged to use blue or black ink pens because they are the darkest and best for computer scanning, but ballots completed in other colors or in pencil can be accepted by county boards. However, officials warned that pencil submission may smudge and so could require a voter to resubmit the ballot.

Voters were to sign and date the outside of the security envelope where marked. Then, they were to seal the security envelope, place it in the return envelope and seal that. For some voters in Suffolk County, the bar code for automated handling of the ballot didn’t show through the window in the return envelope as specified. Elections officials said those votes would be counted by hand.

The ballot needed to be mailed early enough to get a postmark no later than Nov. 3.

Absentee ballots also may be deposited on Election Day at any polling place within their county during the hours of operation.

Early voting

Voters could go to selected polling sites to vote early from Oct. 24 to Nov. 1. County board of elections websites provided the locations, hours and days for early voting sites. Click here for Nassau and here for Suffolk.

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